SUMO-Mediated Regulation of Nuclear Functions and Signaling Processes Journal Article

Author: Zhao, X.
Article Title: SUMO-Mediated Regulation of Nuclear Functions and Signaling Processes
Abstract: Since the discovery of SUMO twenty years ago, SUMO conjugation has become a widely recognized post-translational modification that targets a myriad of proteins in many processes. Great progress has been made in understanding the SUMO pathway enzymes, substrate sumoylation, and the interplay between sumoylation and other regulatory mechanisms in a variety of contexts. As these research directions continue to generate insights into SUMO-based regulation, several mechanisms by which sumoylation and desumoylation can orchestrate large biological effects are emerging. These include the ability to target multiple proteins within the same cellular structure or process, respond dynamically to external and internal stimuli, and modulate signaling pathways involving other post-translational modifications. Focusing on nuclear function and intracellular signaling, this review highlights a broad spectrum of historical data and recent advances with the aim of providing an overview of mechanisms underlying SUMO-mediated global effects to stimulate further inquiry into intriguing roles of SUMO. Dynamic SUMO conjugation and deconjugation of proteins exert a wide range of effects in biology. Here, Zhao summarizes the current understanding of several mechanisms that underlie SUMO-mediated global effects on nuclear function and intracellular signaling to stimulate further inquiry into the intriguing roles of SUMO. © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
Keywords: signal transduction; review; chromosome structure; cell function; protein protein interaction; protein processing; regulatory mechanism; ubiquitination; sumo protein; sumoylation; protein kinase; enzyme modification; centromere; heterochromatin; protein modification; intracellular signaling; dna damage checkpoint; global change; phase separation; human; desumoylation
Journal Title: Molecular Cell
Volume: 71
Issue: 3
ISSN: 1097-2765
Publisher: Cell Press  
Date Published: 2018-08-02
Start Page: 409
End Page: 418
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2018.07.027
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC6095470
PUBMED: 30075142
Notes: Review -- Export Date: 4 September 2018 -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Xiaolan Zhao
    49 Zhao