Abdominal obesity, liver fat, and muscle composition in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia Journal Article

Authors: Janiszewski, P. M.; Oeffinger, K. C.; Church, T. S.; Dunn, A. L.; Eshelman, D. A.; Victor, R. G.; Brooks, S.; Turoff, A. J.; Sinclair, E.; Murray, J. C.; Bashore, L.; Ross, R.
Article Title: Abdominal obesity, liver fat, and muscle composition in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Abstract: Context: Survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) become obese, and are at increased risk for morbidity and mortality post therapy. Objective: We determined the association of cranial radiotherapy (CRT) and/or sex with levels of total, regional, and ectopic fat storage, metabolic risk, IGF-I, and leptin in adult ALL survivors. Design, Setting, Patients: A cross-sectional analysis of 52 male (15 CRT treated) and 62 female (24 CRT treated) young adult ALL survivors was conducted. Main Outcomes: We assessed levels of visceral fat, sc abdominal and thigh fat, and liver and muscle fat using computed tomography, total fat and lean body mass using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, and IGF-I and leptin levels by radioimmunoassay. Results: Controlled for age and race, ALL survivors treated withCRT had higher levels of abdominal and visceral fat, body fat percentage, metabolic risk (insulin resistance and dyslipidemia), and leptin but lower lean mass and IGF-I levels than non-CRT survivors (P ≤ 0.05 for each). Levels of IGF-I were inversely associated with total, abdominal, and visceral fat in both sexes (P < 0.05 for each). Female ALL survivors had less lean mass and visceral fat but higher total and sc abdominal fat than males (P < 0.05 for each). Neither sex nor CRT was associated with muscle and/or liver fat content (P > 0.1). Conclusion: Among young adult ALL survivors, CRT is a risk factor for elevated total, abdominal, and visceral adiposity, a reduced fatfree mass, elevated metabolic risk, and altered IGF-I and leptin levels. Copyright © 2007 by The Endocrine Society.
Keywords: adult; child; major clinical study; leptin; computer assisted tomography; morbidity; risk factors; obesity; risk factor; acute lymphoblastic leukemia; skull irradiation; survivor; risk; survivors; liver; statistical significance; thigh; fat content; insulin; precursor cell lymphoblastic leukemia-lymphoma; dyslipidemia; insulin resistance; cross-sectional study; cross-sectional studies; somatomedin c; abdominal obesity; body composition; childhood leukemia; age of onset; insulin-like growth factor i; race; sex distribution; sex; muscle; fat; muscle, skeletal; dual energy x ray absorptiometry; abdominal fat; intraabdominal fat; intra-abdominal fat; body fat distribution; radioimmunoassay; lipid storage; body fat; abdominal subcutaneous fat; lean body weight
Journal Title: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume: 92
Issue: 10
ISSN: 0021-972X
Publisher: Oxford University Press  
Date Published: 2007-10-01
Start Page: 3816
End Page: 3821
Language: English
DOI: 10.1210/jc.2006-2178
PUBMED: 17652222
PROVIDER: scopus
Notes: --- - "Cited By (since 1996): 26" - "Export Date: 17 November 2011" - "CODEN: JCEMA" - "Source: Scopus"
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MSK Authors
  1. Kevin Oeffinger
    286 Oeffinger