Adipokines, body fatness, and insulin resistance among survivors of childhood leukemia Journal Article

Authors: Tonorezos, E. S.; Vega, G. L.; Sklar, C. A.; Chou, J. F.; Moskowitz, C. S.; Mo, Q.; Church, T. S.; Ross, R.; Janiszewski, P. M.; Oeffinger, K. C.
Article Title: Adipokines, body fatness, and insulin resistance among survivors of childhood leukemia
Abstract: Background: Following our previous reports of an increased prevalence of insulin resistance and adiposity among acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survivors, particularly women treated with cranial radiotherapy (CRT), we aimed to (1) assess the relationships between adipokines (leptin and adiponectin), CRT, and measures of body fatness and (2) determine correlates of insulin resistance, by gender. Methods: We conducted cross-sectional evaluation of 116 ALL survivors (median age: 23.0 years; range: 18-37; average time from treatment: 17.5 years), including fasting laboratory testing (adiponectin, leptin, insulin, and glucose), anthropometric measurements (weight, height, and waist circumference), DXA (total body fat and truncal-to-lower-body-fat ratio), and abdominal CT (visceral fat). We estimated insulin resistance using the homeostasis model for assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). Analytic approaches included regression models and Wilcoxon rank sum testing. Results: Mean leptin per kilogram fat mass was higher for females (0.7ng/ml/kg) than males (0.4ng/ml/kg, P<0.01), and among subjects who had received CRT compared to those who had not received CRT (females CRT=0.9ng/ml/kg, no CRT=0.7ng/ml/kg; P=0.1; males CRT=0.5ng/ml/kg, no CRT=0.3ng/ml/kg; P<0.01). Elevated HOMA-IR was nearly uniformly present, even among subjects with BMI<25kg/m2, and was associated with higher leptin:adiponectin ratio (LA ratio; P<0.01). Conclusions: Among survivors of childhood leukemia, higher leptin levels were associated with measures of body fat and insulin resistance. Anthropomorphic and metabolic changes many years after ALL treatment remain a major health problem facing survivors and may be related to central leptin resistance. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Keywords: adolescent; adult; controlled study; treatment outcome; leukemia; survival rate; young adult; major clinical study; cancer radiotherapy; leptin; computer assisted tomography; antineoplastic combined chemotherapy protocols; body weight; obesity; stem cell transplantation; acute lymphoblastic leukemia; cranial irradiation; cancer survivor; survivors; body mass; laboratory test; insulin; precursor cell lymphoblastic leukemia-lymphoma; anthropometry; glucose; body height; insulin resistance; waist circumference; cross-sectional study; cross-sectional studies; adiponectin; homeostasis; childhood leukemia; rank sum test; chemoradiotherapy; adipose tissue; dual energy x ray absorptiometry; intraabdominal fat; all; adipokines
Journal Title: Pediatric Blood and Cancer
Volume: 58
Issue: 1
ISSN: 1545-5009
Publisher: Wiley Periodicals, Inc  
Date Published: 2012-01-01
Start Page: 31
End Page: 36
Language: English
DOI: 10.1002/pbc.22964
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 21254377
PMCID: PMC3520427
Notes: --- - "Export Date: 9 December 2011" - "CODEN: PBCEA" - "Source: Scopus"
Citation Impact
MSK Authors
  1. Joanne Fu-Lou Chou
    234 Chou
  2. Qianxing Mo
    37 Mo
  3. Charles A Sklar
    312 Sklar
  4. Chaya S. Moskowitz
    212 Moskowitz
  5. Kevin Oeffinger
    294 Oeffinger