Pneumothorax in AIDS Journal Article


Authors: Sepkowitz, K. A.; Telzak, E. E.; Gold, J. W. M.; Bernard, E. M.; Blum, S.; Carrow, M.; Dickmeyer, M.; Armstrong, D.
Article Title: Pneumothorax in AIDS
Abstract: Objective: To determine risk factors for the development of pneumothorax in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Tertiary care center. Patients: Of 1030 patients with AIDS who were followed at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center between 1 January 1980 and 30 September 1989, 20 (2%) developed pneumothorax that was unrelated to trauma or a pulmonary procedure. Results: Of 20 patients with AIDS who presented with pneumothorax, 19 had compelling evidence of concurrent Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Using bivariate analysis, patients receiving aerosol pentamidine prophylaxis (relative risk, 17.6) and those with a history of P. carinii pneumonia (relative risk, 14.5) were more likely to develop pneumothorax. By Mantel-Haenszel stratified analysis, aerosol pentamidine use was a statistically significant risk factor independent of a history of P. carinii pneumonia. The pneumothorax-related mortality rate was 10% and there was considerable morbidity. Conclusions: Patients with AIDS at the highest risk for developing pneumothorax are those with a history of P. carinii pneumonia who are receiving aerosol pentamidine prophylaxis but who nevertheless develop P. carinii pneumonia. The benefits of aerosol pentamidine prophylaxis in these patients far outweigh this risk. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia should be considered as the most likely diagnosis in any patient with AIDS who develops a pneumothorax.
Keywords: adult; major clinical study; prospective studies; incidence; morbidity; risk factors; pneumocystis pneumonia; risk factor; pneumothorax; outcome and process assessment (health care); multivariate analysis; acquired immune deficiency syndrome; acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; antibiotic prophylaxis; pentamidine; aerosol; aerosols; human; male; female; priority journal; article; support, u.s. gov't, p.h.s.; inhalational drug administration; pneumonia, pneumocystis carinii
Journal Title: Annals of Internal Medicine
Volume: 114
Issue: 6
ISSN: 0003-4819
Publisher: American College of Physicians  
Date Published: 1991-03-15
Start Page: 455
End Page: 459
Language: English
DOI: 10.7326/0003-4819-114-6-455
PUBMED: 1994791
PROVIDER: scopus
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 27 September 2019 -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Kent A Sepkowitz
    270 Sepkowitz
  2. Donald Armstrong
    222 Armstrong
  3. Melanie J Carrow
    7 Carrow
  4. Edward M Bernard
    48 Bernard
  5. Jonathan W. M. Gold
    59 Gold