Detection of air gaps around the cylinder by postinsertion computed tomography in vaginal cuff brachytherapy: A prospective series, systematic review, and meta-analysis Journal Article


Authors: Sapienza, L. G.; Ning, M. S.; Pellizzon, A. C. D. A.; Jhingran, A.; Klopp, A. H.; Lin, L. L.; Kollmeier, M. A.; Calsavara, V. F.; Gutierrez, N. D. S.; Chojniak, R.; Gomes, M. J. L.; Baiocchi, G.
Article Title: Detection of air gaps around the cylinder by postinsertion computed tomography in vaginal cuff brachytherapy: A prospective series, systematic review, and meta-analysis
Abstract: Purpose: Postinsertion computed tomography (CT) can identify air gaps (AGs) around the cylinder in vaginal cuff brachytherapy (VCB). This study investigates the incidence and location of AGs. Methods and Materials: Planning CTs of 22 prospectively recruited patients (NCT02091050) treated with 2.6 cm (n = 8) and 3.0 cm (n = 14) cylinders were evaluated. In addition, a systematic literature review and meta-analysis was performed (PubMed and EMBASE). The pooled incidence of AGs was calculated by using the random-effects model weighted by inverse variance. Results: In 18 cases (82%), a total of 45 AGs were found: 26 within the 2 cm cranial length and 19 between 2 and 4 cm of the cylinder. The mean AG diameter was 3.7 mm (range: 1.3–11.8). Cylinder diameter, primary tumor site, and use of external beam radiotherapy were not associated with AG incidence. Systematic literature review revealed nine additional relevant studies, totaling 657 patients. The pooled incidence of patients with ≥1 AG was 67% (95% confidence interval: 50–83). AGs were located at the apex in 43.4%–94.4% of cases. In patients with ≥1 AG (n = 244), the pooled mean number of AGs was 2.18 per patient. The mean dose reduction varied from 9.6% to 29.3%. Conclusion: More than two-thirds of VCB cases present with AGs, which are most commonly at the apex and can potentially reduce mucosal dose. By identifying AGs, postinsertion CT can facilitate selection of optimal cylinder size in VCB. © 2019 American Brachytherapy Society
Keywords: endometrium cancer; prospective study; computer assisted tomography; incidence; systematic review; uterine cervix cancer; brachytherapy; medline; external beam radiotherapy; gynecologic cancer; meta analysis; embase; radiological parameters; radiation dose reduction; human; priority journal; article; vaginal cuff brachytherapy; air gaps; cylinder; vaginal vault; air gap
Journal Title: Brachytherapy
Volume: 18
Issue: 5
ISSN: 1538-4721
Publisher: Elsevier Science, Inc.  
Date Published: 2019-09-01
Start Page: 620
End Page: 626
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.brachy.2019.04.272
PUBMED: 31160198
PROVIDER: scopus
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 1 October 2019 -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Marisa A Kollmeier
    158 Kollmeier