Decreased growth of established human prostate LNCaP tumors in nude mice fed a low-fat diet Journal Article

Authors: Wang, Y.; Corr, J. G.; Thaler, H. T.; Tao, Y.; Fair, W. R.; Heston, W. D. W.
Article Title: Decreased growth of established human prostate LNCaP tumors in nude mice fed a low-fat diet
Abstract: Background: Geographic variation in the incidence of clinically detected prostate cancer is considerable, with a 120-fold greater incidence in the United States than in China. The incidence of latent prostate cancer, however, shows little variation worldwide, with approximately 30% of men older than age 50 years having microfocal disease (determined by autopsy). Some epidemiologic studies have suggested that a high intake of dietary fat may constitute a risk factor for the development of advanced prostate cancer. Purpose: We studied the influence of dietary fat content on the growth of tumors established in athymic nude mice with androgen-sensitive, human prostatic adenocarcinoma cells (LNCaP cells). We also investigated whether manipulation of dietary fat content altered prostate-specific antigen (PSA) production by these tumors. Methods: Tumors were induced in nude mice by subcutaneous injection of 106 LNCaP cells. Both the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) LNCaP cell line and a more androgen-responsive subline derived from it (i.e., the Harris LNCaP cell line) were used. Mice were fed a 40.5-kcal% fat diet at the time of tumor cell injection. Three weeks later, after measurable tumors were formed, the animals were assigned to receive diets with one of the following fat contents: 40.5, 30.8, 21.2, 11.6, or 2.3 kcal% fat. Food intake, animal weights, and tumor volumes were recorded weekly; serum PSA and testosterone levels were measured at the termination of the study. Post hoc multiple comparisons were made using the Student-Newman-Keuls procedure. Two-sided tests of statistical significance were used to evaluate pairwise comparisons. Results: Tumor growth rates, final tumor weights, and ratios of final tumor weights to animal weights were substantially greater in groups that continued to receive a 40.5-kcal% fat diet than in groups whose diets were changed to 2.3 kcal%, 11.6 kcal%, or 21.2 kcal% fat (all P values <.O4). Comparison of these parameters among the 2.3-kcal%, 11.6-kcal%, and 21.2-kcal% dietary fat groups did not reveal any statistically significant differences. No statistically significant differences were noted in total ingested calories, animal weight gain, serum testosterone levels, or histopathologic characteristics of the tumors among the tested dietary groups. Serum PSA levels were highest in the 40.5-kcal% fat group and lowest in the 2.3-kcal% fat group (evaluated only for ATCC LNCaP cells; P<.05). Conclusions: Reduction of dietary fat substantially slows the growth of tumors established from human prostatic adenocarcinoma cells in a murine xenograft model. A positive association persists between tumor volumes and serum PSA levels even after extreme modification of dietary fat content. [J Natl Cancer Inst 1995; 87: 1456-62]. © 1995 Oxford University Press.
Keywords: controlled study; human cell; histopathology; cancer growth; nonhuman; adenocarcinoma; prostate specific antigen; mouse; animal; mice; animal tissue; tumor volume; animal experiment; animal model; body weight; cancer cell culture; tumor cells, cultured; prostate-specific antigen; prostatic neoplasms; nude mouse; mice, nude; pilot projects; prostate adenocarcinoma; neoplasm transplantation; analysis of variance; testosterone; diet restriction; fat intake; dietary fats; human; male; article; support, u.s. gov't, p.h.s.
Journal Title: JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Volume: 87
Issue: 19
ISSN: 0027-8874
Publisher: Oxford University Press  
Date Published: 1995-10-04
Start Page: 1456
End Page: 1462
Language: English
DOI: 10.1093/jnci/87.19.1456
PUBMED: 7545759
PROVIDER: scopus
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 28 August 2018 -- Source: Scopus
Altmetric Score
MSK Authors
  1. Warren Heston
    98 Heston
  2. Howard T Thaler
    198 Thaler
  3. William R Fair
    221 Fair
  4. Yue Tao
    17 Tao