Investigation of patterns of nodal metastases in BRAF mutant lung cancer Journal Article


Authors: McEvoy, S. H.; Halpenny, D. F.; Viteri-Jusué, A.; Hayes, S. A.; Plodkowski, A. J.; Riely, G. J.; Ginsberg, M. S.
Article Title: Investigation of patterns of nodal metastases in BRAF mutant lung cancer
Abstract: Axillary lymph nodes (axLN) are a rare site of nodal metastases in patients with lung cancer. BRAF mutated lung cancer is a genetically distinct subtype that occurs in 2–5% of non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLC). A recent study identified a highly unusual pattern of metastatic spread to axLN in patients with BRAF mutated colorectal cancer (CRC). The purpose of the study is to assess the incidence of axLN metastases in BRAF mutated NSCLC. Baseline computed tomography (CT) imaging at diagnosis and all follow up CTs of patients with BRAF mutated NSCLC treated at our institution were retrospectively reviewed by two radiologists for evidence of axLN metastases. Positron emission tomography (PET)/CT was reviewed when available. A control group of patients with non-BRAF mutated NSCLC was assessed. Three criteria were used for the diagnosis of a metastatic node; pathologic confirmation, radiologic size greater ≥1.5 cm in short axis diameter or fluorodeoxyglucose avidity on PET/CT and radiologic size ≥1.0 cm in short axis diameter. Forty-six patients with BRAF mutated NSCLC and CT images on the institutional PACS were identified. 7 (15%) patients with BRAF mutated NSCLC had axLN metastases using the proposed diagnostic criteria. One patient had a pathologic proven axLN metastasis, 3 had axLNs measuring ≥1.5 cm in short axis, and 3 had nodes which were FDG avid on PET/CT and measured ≥1.0 cm in short axis. By comparison, 1 of 46 (2%) control patients with non-BRAF mutated NSCLC had axLN metastases. Previous series have reported the prevalence of axLN metastases in patients with NSCLC as 0.61–0.75%. We have found a higher incidence of axLN metastases in BRAF mutated NSCLC patients than described in non-BRAF mutated NSCLC patients. Examination of the axilla should be a routine part of physical examination in this genetically distinct subgroup of lung cancer patients. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
Keywords: lymphatic metastasis; adenocarcinoma; lung cancer; braf mutation
Journal Title: Lung Cancer
Volume: 108
ISSN: 0169-5002
Publisher: Elsevier Ireland Ltd.  
Date Published: 2017-06-01
Start Page: 62
End Page: 65
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2017.02.024
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 28625649
PMCID: PMC5538145
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 3 April 2017 -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Michelle S Ginsberg
    179 Ginsberg
  2. Gregory J Riely
    435 Riely
  3. Sara Anne Hayes
    26 Hayes
  4. Sinead Helena McEvoy
    4 McEvoy