Frequency and clinical significance of cytogenetic abnormalities in pediatric T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A report from the Children's Cancer Group Journal Article


Authors: Heerema, N. A.; Sather, H. N.; Sensel, M. G.; Kraft, P.; Nachman, J. B.; Steinherz, P. G.; Lange, B. J.; Hutchinson, R. S.; Reaman, G. H.; Trigg, M. E.; Arthur, D. C.; Gaynon, P. S.; Uckun, F. M.
Article Title: Frequency and clinical significance of cytogenetic abnormalities in pediatric T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A report from the Children's Cancer Group
Abstract: Purpose: Nonrandom chromosomal translocations are frequently observed in pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Specific translocations, such as t(4;11) and t(9;22), identify subgroups of B-lineage ALL patients who have an increased risk of treatment failure, The current study wets conducted to determine the prognostic significance of chromosomal translocations in T-lineage ALL patients, Materials and Methods: The study included 169 children with newly diagnosed T-lineage ALL enrolled between 1988 and 1995 on risk-adjusted protocols of the Children's Cancer Group (CCG) who had centrally reviewed cytogenetics data, Outcome analyses used standard life-table methods. Results: Presenting features for the current cohort were similar to those of concurrently enrolled patients for whom cytogenetic data were not accepted on central review, The majority of patients (80.5%) were assigned to CCG protocols for high-risk ALL and 86.4% had pseudodiploid (9 = 80) or normal diploid (9 = 66) karyotypes; modal chromosome number was not a significant prognostic factor, Overall, 103 of 169 (61%) patients had an abnormal karyotype, including 31 with del(6q), 29 with 14q11 breakpoints, 15 with del(9p), 11 with trisomy 8, nine with 11q23 breakpoints, nine with 14q32 translocations, and eight with 7q32-q36 breakpoints. Thirteen patients had the specific 14q11 translocation t(11;14)(p13;q11) and all were classified as poor risk, Patients with any of these translocations had outcomes similar to those with normal diploid karyotypes, Conclusion: Chromosomal abnormalities, including specific nonrandom translocations, were frequently observed in a large group of children with T-lineage ALL, but were not significant prognostic factors for this cohort. Thus, contemporary intensive treatment programs result in favorable outcomes for the majority of T-lineage ALL patients, regardless of karyotypic abnormalities, and such features do not identify patients at higher risk for relapse. (C) 1998 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
Keywords: gene; receptor; childhood; chromosomal translocations; intensive therapy; presenting features; acute lymphocytic-leukemia; biologic features; prognosis; cell leukemia
Journal Title: Journal of Clinical Oncology
Volume: 16
Issue: 4
ISSN: 0732-183X
Publisher: American Society of Clinical Oncology  
Date Published: 1998-04-01
Start Page: 1270
End Page: 1278
Language: English
ACCESSION: WOS:000072875700006
PROVIDER: wos
PUBMED: 9552025
DOI: 10.1200/JCO.1998.16.4.1270
Notes: Article -- Source: Wos
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  1. Peter G Steinherz
    162 Steinherz