Clinician-assessed depression and HAART adherence in HIV-infected individuals in methadone maintenance treatment Journal Article


Authors: Gonzalez, J. S.; Psaros, C.; Batchelder, A.; Applebaum, A.; Newville, H.; Safren, S. A.
Article Title: Clinician-assessed depression and HAART adherence in HIV-infected individuals in methadone maintenance treatment
Abstract: Background: The impact of measurement methods on the relationship between depression and HIV treatment adherence has not been adequately examined. Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between clinician- and patient-rated depression and HIV medication adherence. Methods: The participants were 91 HIV-infected individuals in methadone maintenance. Depression was assessed via clinician ratings (Clinical Global Impression Scale and Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale) and self-report (Beck Depression Inventory-Short Form). Clinicians rated substance abuse using the Clinical Global Impression Scale and a structured interview. HIV medication adherence was measured over the following 2 weeks using electronic caps. Results: Each unit increase in the Clinical Global Impression Scale was associated with 75% increased odds of nonadherence (OR=1.75, p=0.002, 95% CI=1.23-2.48). Similarly, for each standard deviation Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale increase, there was a 2.6-fold increased odds of nonadherence (OR=2.60, p=0.001, 95% CI=1.45-4.67). Substance abuse and self-reported depression severity were not significantly related to adherence. Conclusions: Clinician-rated depression severity was a strong predictor of nonadherence. Assessment methods may influence the relationship between depression and HIV nonadherence. © 2011 The Society of Behavioral Medicine.
Keywords: depression; hiv; assessment; adherence; haart; methadone maintenance
Journal Title: Annals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume: 42
Issue: 1
ISSN: 0883-6612
Publisher: Springer  
Date Published: 2011-08-01
Start Page: 120
End Page: 126
Language: English
DOI: 10.1007/s12160-011-9268-y
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 21503833
PMCID: PMC3639471
DOI/URL:
Notes: --- - "Export Date: 17 August 2011" - "CODEN: ABMEE" - "Source: Scopus"
Altmetric Score
MSK Authors