Cardiorespiratory fitness in survivors of cervical, endometrial, and ovarian cancers: The Cooper Center Longitudinal Study Journal Article

Authors: Peel, A. B.; Barlow, C. E.; Leonard, D.; DeFina, L. F.; Jones, L. W.; Lakoski, S. G.
Article Title: Cardiorespiratory fitness in survivors of cervical, endometrial, and ovarian cancers: The Cooper Center Longitudinal Study
Abstract: Background Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), a strong predictor of mortality, is impaired among cancer patients. There is limited data, however, regarding CRF levels in women diagnosed with gynecologic cancers. Methods We compared CRF among ovarian, endometrial, and cervical cancer cases (n = 89) to age-matched controls (n = 89) in the Cooper Center Longitudinal Study (CCLS). CRF was evaluated by a maximal treadmill exercise tolerance test using a modified-Balke protocol. Conditional logistic regression was used to test for case-control differences in cardiorespiratory fitness, after controlling for age and body mass index, and adhering to the matched pairs design. Results The mean ages of cancer cases and controls were 50.9 years and 51.1 years, respectively (p = 0.81). Peak METs (1 MET = 3.5 mL kg- 1 min- 1) were 9.2 ± 2.0 in cancer cases compared to 10.0 ± 2.2 in controls (p = 0.03). When stratifying by type of cancer, peak METs were 8.9 ± 2.2, 8.4 ± 1.9, 9.5 ± 2.0 for patients with ovarian, endometrial, and cervical cancer, respectively. A gynecological cancer diagnosis was associated with greater odds of having 1-MET lower CRF compared to controls (OR 1.31, 95% CI: 1.05-1.64, p = 0.018), after controlling for age and BMI. Conclusion Gynecologic cancer survivors were more likely to have a 1-MET lower CRF than controls. Given a 1-MET change in CRF is associated with a significant, we advocate for more robust research regarding CRF in gynecologic cancer patients. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords: adult; controlled study; major clinical study; endometrial cancer; cancer diagnosis; endometrium cancer; ovarian cancer; ovary cancer; cancer survivor; body mass; uterine cervix cancer; logistic regression analysis; exercise tolerance; gynecologic cancer; treadmill exercise; longitudinal study; cervical cancer; cardiorespiratory fitness; human; female; priority journal; article
Journal Title: Gynecologic Oncology
Volume: 138
Issue: 2
ISSN: 0090-8258
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.  
Date Published: 2015-08-01
Start Page: 394
End Page: 397
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2015.05.027
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 26026734
Notes: Export Date: 2 September 2015 -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Lee Winston Jones
    130 Jones