Prospective evaluation of plasma kinetic bipolar resection of bladder cancer: Comparison to monopolar resection and pathologic findings Journal Article

Authors: Mashni, J.; Godoy, G.; Haarer, C.; Dalbagni, G.; Reuter, V. E.; Al-Ahmadie, H.; Ahmadie, H. A.; Bochner, B. H.
Article Title: Prospective evaluation of plasma kinetic bipolar resection of bladder cancer: Comparison to monopolar resection and pathologic findings
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Gyrus ACMI plasma kinetic bipolar device (Gyrus ACMI, Southborough, MA) improves pathologic specimen preservation and clinical outcomes compared to standard monopolar electrocautery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In our prospective study, 83 patients underwent monopolar or bipolar transurethral resection of bladder tumors between April 2006 and February 2007 at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. Dedicated genitourinary oncology pathologists blinded to resection type and assessed pathologic features including stage and grade, presence of muscularis propria, fragment size, presence and thickness of thermal artifacts within the specimen, layer of tissue most affected, severity of tissue distortion, and diagnostic impact of thermal artifacts. Clinical outcomes including, perforation, obturator reflex, need for muscle paralysis, a catheter, or admission, were recorded. Clinical and pathologic outcomes between resection modality were compared. RESULTS: There were no significant thermal artifacts in 9/38 (23.7 %) and 11/45 (24.4 %) monopolar and bipolar specimens, respectively. The layer of bladder tissue most affected by thermal artifacts was readable in 18/38 (47.4 %) monopolar and 27/45 (60.0 %) bipolar specimens. Tissue distortion from thermal artifacts led to areas within 11/38 (28.9 %) monopolar and 7/45 (15.6 %) bipolar specimens being unreadable. Ultimately, thermal artifacts caused moderate diagnostic difficulty in 2/38 (5.3 %) specimens of the monopolar group and severe diagnostic difficulty in 1/45 (2.2 %) bipolar specimens. Clinically, there was no major difference between resection methods. CONCLUSION: Plasma kinetic bipolar equipment appears to cause less tissue distortion and has the potential to facilitate staging and grading of bladder tumors. No differences in clinical outcomes were appreciated between resection methods. If these results can be repeated in larger studies, the bipolar device represents a small advancement in transurethral resection.
Keywords: adult; aged; aged, 80 and over; middle aged; comparative study; prospective study; prospective studies; pathology; urinary bladder neoplasms; electrosurgery; electrocoagulation; very elderly; humans; human; male; female; evaluation study
Journal Title: International Urology and Nephrology
Volume: 46
Issue: 9
ISSN: 0301-1623
Publisher: Springer  
Date Published: 2014-09-01
Start Page: 1699
End Page: 1705
Language: English
DOI: 10.1007/s11255-014-0719-9
PUBMED: 24792236
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC4524777
Notes: Export Date: 3 June 2015 -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Guido Dalbagni
    251 Dalbagni
  2. Chadwick Haarer
    6 Haarer
  3. Bernard Bochner
    324 Bochner
  4. Victor Reuter
    913 Reuter
  5. Guilherme Godoy
    23 Godoy
  6. Joseph Wadie Mashni
    10 Mashni