Role of imaging in the pretreatment evaluation of common gynecological cancers Journal Article


Authors: Micco, M.; Sala, E.; Lakhman, Y.; Hricak, H.; Vargas, H. A.
Article Title: Role of imaging in the pretreatment evaluation of common gynecological cancers
Abstract: Different treatment options are available for patients with gynecological cancers. Imaging plays an important role in assessment of patients with common cancers involving uterine body, cervix and ovaries, from detection to evaluation of the extent of disease. The purpose of this review is to highlight the role of cross-sectional imaging techniques in treatment stratification and overall management of patients with endometrial, cervical and ovarian cancers. Several imaging techniques used are described, including ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), MRI and PET/CT. Specific imaging appearances of the most common uterine, cervical and ovarian cancers are discussed. Imaging findings corresponding to the 2009 revised International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging of gynecologic malignancies are also described. In the multidisciplinary evaluation of patients with gynecologic malignancies, the role of the radiologist has become central for accurate diagnosis and evaluation of extent of disease to achieve better treatment selection and planning. © 2014 Future Medicine Ltd.
Keywords: us; review; cancer risk; treatment planning; cancer radiotherapy; gadolinium; cancer staging; nuclear magnetic resonance imaging; endometrial cancer; lymph node metastasis; endometrioid carcinoma; endometrium carcinoma; lymph nodes; diagnostic accuracy; endometrium cancer; sensitivity and specificity; ovarian cancer; computer assisted tomography; ovary cancer; diagnostic imaging; risk factor; radiologist; drug uptake; contrast enhancement; uterine cervix cancer; echography; fluorodeoxyglucose f 18; computer assisted emission tomography; ovary carcinoma; contrast medium; platinum complex; gynecologic cancer; transrectal ultrasonography; diffusion weighted imaging; ct; drug excretion; mri; predictive value; radical hysterectomy; uterine cervix carcinoma; pet/ct; cervical cancer; transvaginal echography; image guided biopsy; human; figo staging
Journal Title: Women's Health
Volume: 10
Issue: 3
ISSN: 1745-5057
Publisher: Future Medicine  
Date Published: 2014-05-01
Start Page: 299
End Page: 321
Language: English
DOI: 10.2217/whe.14.19
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 24956296
DOI/URL:
Notes: Export Date: 1 August 2014 -- Source: Scopus
Altmetric Score
MSK Authors
  1. Yuliya Lakhman
    37 Lakhman
  2. Evis Sala
    96 Sala
  3. Hedvig Hricak
    339 Hricak
  4. Maura Micco
    10 Micco