Meaning-centered group psychotherapy for patients with advanced cancer: A pilot randomized controlled trial Journal Article

Authors: Breitbart, W.; Rosenfeld, B.; Gibson, C.; Pessin, H.; Poppito, S.; Nelson, C.; Tomarken, A.; Timm, A. K.; Berg, A.; Jacobson, C.; Sorger, B.; Abbey, J.; Olden, M.
Article Title: Meaning-centered group psychotherapy for patients with advanced cancer: A pilot randomized controlled trial
Abstract: Objectives: An increasingly important concern for clinicians who care for patients at the end of life is their spiritual well-being and sense of meaning and purpose in life. In response to the need for short-term interventions to address spiritual well-being, we developed Meaning Centered Group Psychotherapy (MCGP) to help patients with advanced cancer sustain or enhance a sense of meaning, peace and purpose in their lives, even as they approach the end of life. Methods: Patients with advanced (stage III or IV) solid tumor cancers (N590) were randomly assigned to either MCGP or a supportive group psychotherapy (SGP). Patients were assessed before and after completing the 8-week intervention, and again 2 months after completion. Outcome assessment included measures of spiritual well-being, meaning, hopelessness, desire for death, optimism/pessimism, anxiety, depression and overall quality of life. Results: MCGP resulted in significantly greater improvements in spiritual well-being and a sense of meaning. Treatment gains were even more substantial (based on effect size estimates) at the second follow-up assessment. Improvements in anxiety and desire for death were also significant (and increased over time). There was no significant improvement on any of these variables for patients participating in SGP. Conclusions: MCGP appears to be a potentially beneficial intervention for patients' emotional and spiritual suffering at the end of life. Further research, with larger samples, is clearly needed to better understand the potential benefits of this novel intervention. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Keywords: adult; controlled study; treatment outcome; aged; aged, 80 and over; middle aged; patient satisfaction; young adult; major clinical study; solid tumor; cancer staging; follow up; neoplasm staging; neoplasms; palliative care; quality of life; adaptation, psychological; depression; death; pilot projects; lymphoma, non-hodgkin; patient compliance; new york city; anxiety; terminal care; meaning; emotions; psychotherapy, group; spirituality; psychotherapy; wellbeing; spiritual care; attitude to death; existential; spiritual well-being; hopelessness; optimism; pessimism; self-help groups
Journal Title: Psycho-Oncology
Volume: 19
Issue: 1
ISSN: 1057-9249
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons  
Date Published: 2010-01-01
Start Page: 21
End Page: 28
Language: English
DOI: 10.1002/pon.1556
PUBMED: 19274623
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC3648880
Notes: --- - "Cited By (since 1996): 8" - "Export Date: 20 April 2011" - "CODEN: POJCE" - "Source: Scopus"
Citation Impact
MSK Authors
  1. William S Breitbart
    457 Breitbart
  2. Shannon Rose Poppito
    12 Poppito
  3. Christian Nelson
    325 Nelson
  4. Hayley Ann Pessin
    78 Pessin
  5. Christopher A Gibson
    12 Gibson
  6. Amy C Berg
    5 Berg