Digital validation of breast biomarkers (ER, PR, AR, and HER2) in cytology specimens using three different scanners Journal Article

Authors: Salama, A. M.; Hanna, M. G.; Giri, D.; Kezlarian, B.; Jean, M. H.; Lin, O.; Vallejo, C.; Brogi, E.; Edelweiss, M.
Article Title: Digital validation of breast biomarkers (ER, PR, AR, and HER2) in cytology specimens using three different scanners
Abstract: Progression in digital pathology has yielded new opportunities for a remote work environment. We evaluated the utility of digital review of breast cancer immunohistochemical prognostic markers (IHC) using whole slide images (WSI) from formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) cytology cell block specimens (CB) using three different scanners. CB from 20 patients with breast cancer diagnosis and available IHC were included. Glass slides including 20 Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), 20 Estrogen Receptor (ER), 20 Progesterone Receptor (PR), 16 Androgen Receptor (AR), and 20 Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2) were scanned on 3 different scanners. Four breast pathologists reviewed the WSI and recorded their semi-quantitative scoring for each marker. Kappa concordance was defined as complete agreement between glass/digital pairs. Discordances between microscopic and digital reads were classified as a major when a clinically relevant change was seen. Minor discordances were defined as differences in scoring percentages/staining pattern that would not have resulted in a clinical implication. Scanner precision was tabulated according to the success rate of each scan on all three scanners. In total, we had 228 paired glass/digital IHC reads on all 3 scanners. There was strong concordance kappa >= 0.85 for all pathologists when comparing paired microscopic/digital reads. Strong concordance (kappa >= 0.86) was also seen when comparing reads between scanners. Twenty-three percent of the WSI required rescanning due to barcode detection failures, 14% due to tissue detection failures, and 2% due to focus issues. Scanner 1 had the best average precision of 92%. HER2 IHC had the lowest intra-scanner precision (64%) among all stains. This study is the first to address the utility of WSI in breast cancer IHC in CB and to validate its reporting using 3 different scanners. Digital images are reliable for breast IHC assessment in CB and offer similar reproducibility to microscope reads.
Keywords: accuracy; pathology; concordance; guideline; slide; cancer; light-microscopy; primary diagnosis
Journal Title: Modern Pathology
Volume: 35
Issue: 1
ISSN: 0893-3952
Publisher: Nature Research  
Date Published: 2022-01-01
Start Page: 52
End Page: 59
Language: English
ACCESSION: WOS:000695396900004
DOI: 10.1038/s41379-021-00908-5
PMCID: PMC8702445
PUBMED: 34518629
Notes: Article -- Source: Wos
Citation Impact
MSK Authors
  1. Christina E Vallejo
    19 Vallejo
  2. Dilip D Giri
    174 Giri
  3. Oscar Lin
    279 Lin
  4. Edi Brogi
    459 Brogi
  5. Matthew George Hanna
    61 Hanna
  6. Abeer Majid Salama
    15 Salama
  7. Marc-Henri Jean
    9 Jean