Autoantibodies in paraneoplastic syndromes associated with small-cell lung cancer Journal Article

Authors: Anderson, N. E.; Rosenblum, M. K.; Graus, F.; Wiley, R. G.; Posner, J. B.
Article Title: Autoantibodies in paraneoplastic syndromes associated with small-cell lung cancer
Abstract: An antineuronal autoantibody has been identified in serum from 14 patients, 8 women and 6 men, with small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and a neurologic disorder. Neurologic symptoms began prior to diagnosis of the SCLC in 12 patients. The dominant neuroIogic disorder was a subacute sensory neuronopathy (SSN) in eight patients, SSN plus lower motor neuron weakness (2 patients), SSN plus autonomic neuropathy (1 patient), cerebellar ataxia (1 patient), myelopathy (1 patient), and multifocal nervous system disease (encephalomyelitis) in one patient. The presence of the same autoantibody in patients with SSN, encephalomyelitis, and autonomic neuropathy suggests that these diseases are different manifestations of the same nosologic process. With one exception, treatment of the tumor, immunosuppressive drugs, and plasmapheresis did not influence the course of the neurologic illness. The autoantibody wae not identified in sera from more than 400 controls subjects, including patients with SSN associated with other tumors, SSN without malignancy, other paraneoplastic syndromes, and SCLC without neurologic symptoms. The autoantibody is a highly specific marker of the paraneoplastic syndromes associated with SCLC and its detection in a patient not known to have cancer should prompt a careful search for SCLC. © 1988 American Academy of Neurology.
Keywords: adult; clinical article; aged; sensory neuropathy; lung neoplasms; plasmapheresis; neurons; lung small cell cancer; autoantibody; paraneoplastic syndrome; autoantibodies; autonomic neuropathy; spinal cord disease; carcinoma, small cell; middle age; cerebellar ataxia; encephalomyelitis; central nervous system diseases; paraneoplastic syndromes; human; male; female; priority journal; support, non-u.s. gov't; lower motoneuron disease
Journal Title: Neurology
Volume: 38
Issue: 9
ISSN: 0028-3878
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins  
Date Published: 1988-09-01
Start Page: 1391
End Page: 1398
Language: English
DOI: 10.1212/wnl.38.9.1391
PUBMED: 2842702
PROVIDER: scopus
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 6 August 2020 -- Source: Scopus
Citation Impact
MSK Authors
  1. Marc Rosenblum
    350 Rosenblum
  2. Jerome B Posner
    184 Posner