Csf1r or Mer inhibition delays liver regeneration via suppression of Kupffer cells Journal Article


Authors: Santamaria-Barria, J. A.; Zeng, S.; Greer, J. B.; Beckman, M. J.; Seifert, A. M.; Cohen, N. A.; Zhang, J. Q.; Crawley, M. H.; Green, B. L.; Loo, J. K.; Maltbaek, J. H.; DeMatteo, R. P.
Article Title: Csf1r or Mer inhibition delays liver regeneration via suppression of Kupffer cells
Abstract: Introduction Murine Kupffer cells (KCs) comprise CD11b hi and F4/80 hi subsets. Tissue-resident macrophages are known to express the tyrosine kinase receptors colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (Csf1r) and Mer. However, the expression of Csf1r and Mer on KC subsets and the importance of these tyrosine kinases during liver regeneration (LR) are unknown. Methods KCs from wild-type and Csf1r-GFP mice were characterized by flow cytometry. Partial hepatectomy (PH) was performed in mice treated with clodronate liposomes, a Csf1r small molecule inhibitor or depleting antibody, or a small molecule Mer inhibitor. Sera and livers were analyzed. The function of sorted KC subsets was tested in vitro. Results Mer was specifically expressed on tissue-resident F4/80 hi KCs, 55% of which also expressed Csf1r. Mer + Csf1r + and Mer + Csf1r - KCs had distinct expression of macrophage markers. Csf1r inhibition in mice reduced F4/80 hi KCs by approximately 50%, but did not affect CD11b hi KCs. Clodronate liposomes depleted F4/80 hi KCs, but also altered levels of other intrahepatic leukocytes. Csf1r inhibition delayed LR, as demonstrated by a 20% reduction in liver-to-body weight ratios 7 days after PH. At 36h after PH, Csf1r inhibition increased serum ALT and histological liver injury, and decreased liver cell proliferation. A small molecule inhibitor of Mer did not alter the percentage of KCs or their proliferation and just modestly delayed LR. In vitro, Csf1r or Mer inhibition did not decrease KC viability, but did attenuate their cytokine response to stimulation. Conclusions F4/80 hi KCs are Mer + and can be subdivided based on Csf1r expression. Csf1r or Mer inhibition each reduces KC cytokine production and delays LR. © 2019 Santamaria-Barria et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Journal Title: PLoS ONE
Volume: 14
Issue: 5
ISSN: 1932-6203
Publisher: Public Library of Science  
Date Published: 2019-05-01
Start Page: e0216275
Language: English
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0216275
PUBMED: 31042769
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC6493758
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 3 June 2019 -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Ronald P DeMatteo
    635 DeMatteo
  2. Shan Zeng
    26 Zeng
  3. Jonathan Bruce Greer
    13 Greer
  4. Megan Hannon Crawley
    12 Crawley
  5. Benjamin Lawrence Green
    10 Green
  6. Noah Avram Cohen
    18 Cohen
  7. Adrian Marcel Seifert
    16 Seifert
  8. Jennifer Qi Zhang
    20 Zhang
  9. Jennifer Loo
    13 Loo