Predictors of unemployment after breast cancer surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies Journal Article


Authors: Wang, L.; Hong, B. Y.; Kennedy, S. A.; Chang, Y.; Hong, C. J.; Craigie, S.; Kwon, H. Y.; Romerosa, B.; Couban, R. J.; Reid, S.; Khan, J. S.; McGillion, M.; Blinder, V.; Busse, J. W.
Article Title: Predictors of unemployment after breast cancer surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
Abstract: Purpose Breast cancer surgery is associated with unemployment. Identifying high-risk patients could help inform strategies to promote return to work. We systematically reviewed observational studies to explore factors associated with unemployment after breast cancer surgery. Methods We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO to identify studies that explored risk factors for unemployment after breast cancer surgery. When possible, we pooled estimates of association for all independent variables reported by more than one study. Results Twenty-six studies (46,927 patients) reported the association of 127 variables with unemployment after breast cancer surgery. Access to universal health care was associated with higher rates of unemployment (26.6% v 15.4%; test of interaction P = .05). High-quality evidence showed that unemployment after breast cancer surgery was associated with high psychological job demands (odds ratio [OR], 4.26; 95% CI, 2.27 to 7.97), childlessness (OR, 1.30; 95% CI, 1.11 to 1.53), lower education level (OR, 1.15; 95% CI, 1.05 to 1.25), lower income level (OR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.24 to 1.73), cancer stage II, III or IV (OR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.13 to 1.82), and mastectomy versus breast-conserving surgery (OR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.30). Moderate-quality evidence suggested an association with high physical job demands (OR, 2.11; 95%CI, 1.52 to 2.93), African-American ethnicity (OR, 1.89; 95% CI, 1.21 to 2.96), and receipt of chemotherapy (OR, 1.95; 95% CI, 1.36 to 2.79). High-quality evidence demonstrated no significant association with part-time hours, blue-collar work, tumor size, positive lymph nodes, or receipt of radiotherapy or endocrine therapy; moderate-quality evidence suggested no association with age, marital status, or axillary lymph node dissection. Conclusion Addressing high physical and psychological job demands may be important in reducing unemployment after breast cancer surgery. Copyright © 2018 by American Society of Clinical Oncology. All rights reserved.
Journal Title: Journal of Clinical Oncology
Volume: 36
Issue: 18
ISSN: 0732-183X
Publisher: American Society of Clinical Oncology  
Date Published: 2018-06-20
Start Page: 1868
End Page: 1879
Language: English
DOI: 10.1200/jco.2017.77.3663
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 29757686
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 4 September 2018 -- Source: Scopus
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  1. Victoria Susana Blinder
    43 Blinder