Radiological protection for pregnant women at a large academic medical cancer center Journal Article

Authors: Chu, B.; Miodownik, D.; Williamson, M. J.; Gao, Y.; St. Germain, J.; Dauer, L. T.
Article Title: Radiological protection for pregnant women at a large academic medical cancer center
Abstract: Purpose Most radiation protection programs, regulations and guidance apply specific restrictions to the occupational exposure of pregnant workers. The aim of this study was to compile data from the declared pregnant woman (DPW) radiation protection program over more than 5 years at a large, high-volume, comprehensive oncology academic/medical institution and to evaluate for effectiveness against existing regulations and guidance. Methods A retrospective review was performed of the data collected as part of the DPW radiation protection program from January 2010 through May 2016, including the number of declared pregnancies, worker category, personal and fetal dosimetry monitoring measurements, workplace modifications, as well as the monthly and total recorded badge results during the entire pregnancy. Results 245 pregnancies were declared. The mean monthly fetal radiation dosimetry result was 0.009 mSv with a median of 0.005 mSv and a maximum of 0.39 mSv. The mean total dose over the entire pregnancy was estimated to be 0.08 mSv with a median of 0.05 mSv and a maximum of 0.89 mSv. Only 8 (3.2%) of the 245 declared pregnancies required that workplace modifications be implemented for the worker. Conclusions The implementation of a declared pregnancy and fetal assessment program, careful planning, an understanding of the risks, and minimization of radiation dose by employing appropriate radiation safety measures as needed, can allow medical staff to perform procedures and normal activities without incurring significant risks to the conceptus, or significant interruptions of job activities for most medical workers. © 2017
Keywords: radiation dose; monitoring; retrospective study; cancer center; cancer size; pregnancy; fetus; radiation safety; medical personnel; human experiment; radiation protection; comparative effectiveness; medical staff; pregnant woman; workplace; occupational safety; human; female
Journal Title: Physica Medica
Volume: 43
ISSN: 1120-1797
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.  
Date Published: 2017-11-01
Start Page: 186
End Page: 189
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmp.2017.04.012
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC5659964
PUBMED: 28457788
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 2 January 2018 -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Lawrence Dauer
    110 Dauer
  2. Bae Philavan Chu
    6 Chu
  3. Yiming Gao
    13 Gao