Surface T cell Fas receptor/CD95 regulation, in vivo activation, and apoptosis: Activation-induced death can occur without Fas receptor Journal Article

Authors: Tuček-Szabo, C. L.; Andjelić, S.; Lacy, E.; Elkon, K. B.; Nikolić-Žugić, J.
Article Title: Surface T cell Fas receptor/CD95 regulation, in vivo activation, and apoptosis: Activation-induced death can occur without Fas receptor
Abstract: Fas-mediated apoptosis is a form of cell death that operates through a receptor-ligand interaction. The FasR has been implicated directly in peripheral T cell tolerance and activation-induced apoptosis of T cells in vitro, although to date its expression on murine peripheral T cells has been characterized incompletely. In this study, we document substantial expression of FasR on the vast majority of recent thymic emigrants and resting peripheral T lymphocytes. FasR ligation can induce death in a minor (~5%) subset of these cells. By contrast to rather slow activation-mediated FasR up-regulation in vitro, we demonstrate that in vivo T cell activation by αCD3 mAb or superantigen results in rapid up-regulation of the FasR. This up-regulation is paralleled by the kinetics of activation-induced apoptosis in lymph node T cells. However, we demonstrate that the FasR is not necessary for activation-induced cell death. Lymph node T cells from young, healthy, FasR expression-deficient MRL-lpr/lpr animals could be activated in vivo through the TCR-CD3 complex. Most importantly, MRL-lpr/lpr T cells underwent massive activation-induced apoptosis in response to high and intermediate doses of αCD3. At a low αCD3 dose, however, both MRL-lpr/lpr and MRL+/+ T cells were activated similarly, but only the latter underwent adequate apoptosis. Taken together, these findings suggest that in vivo, the Fas pathway may not be the only regulator of activation-induced T cell death, but that this pathway may be critical in regulating responses to weak stimuli.
Keywords: signal transduction; controlled study; nonhuman; lymph nodes; cd3 antigen; antigens, cd3; t-lymphocytes; animal cell; mouse; animals; mice; cell death; apoptosis; gene expression; spleen; animal experiment; mice, mutant strains; mice, inbred balb c; t lymphocyte receptor; immunological tolerance; lymphocyte activation; membrane glycoproteins; cell movement; fas ligand protein; t-lymphocyte subsets; mice, inbred cba; up-regulation; thymocyte; t lymphocyte subpopulation; t lymphocyte activation; monoclonal antibody cd3; cell surface receptor; etiology; receptor upregulation; t lymphocyte antigen; interphase; antigens, cd95; lymph node cell; priority journal; article; receptor-cd3 complex, antigen, t-cell
Journal Title: Journal of Immunology
Volume: 156
Issue: 1
ISSN: 0022-1767
Publisher: The American Association of Immunologists, Inc  
Date Published: 1996-01-01
Start Page: 192
End Page: 200
Language: English
PUBMED: 8598462
PROVIDER: scopus
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 22 November 2017 -- Source: Scopus
Citation Impact
MSK Authors
  1. Elizabeth H Lacy
    70 Lacy