Tumor involvement in hepatic veins: Comparison of MR imaging and US for preoperative assessment Journal Article


Authors: Hann, L. E.; Schwartz, L. H.; Panicek, D. M.; Bach, A. M.; Fong, Y.; Blumgart, L. H.
Article Title: Tumor involvement in hepatic veins: Comparison of MR imaging and US for preoperative assessment
Abstract: PURPOSE: To compare use of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and ultrasonography (US) for diagnosis of vascular involvement by tumor at the hepatic vein confluence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven consecutive patients with tumors at the hepatic vein confluence were prospectively evaluated with spin-echo and gradient-echo MR imaging and gray-scale and Doppler US. Encasement, thrombosis, occlusion, and nonvisualization were considered to be evidence of vascular involvement. Imaging results were compared with surgical and pathologic examination findings in 27 patients who underwent resection. RESULTS: Sixteen hepatic veins (nine right, four middle, three left) were seen to be involved at surgery. Twelve of 16 involved veins were identified at MR imaging (75% sensitivity, 98% specificity, 92% positive predictive value, 94% negative predictive value). Thirteen of 16 involved veins were detected at US (81% sensitivity, 97% specificity, and 87% positive and 95% negative predictive values). There was one false positive diagnosis of inferior vena cava involvement at both MR imaging and US. Ten patients had unresectable disease. One patient had motion artifact on MR images, in the remaining nine patients, MR imaging and US yielded identical findings at 26 of 27 hepatic vein sites. CONCLUSION: MR imagine and US provide comparable results for assessment of hepatic vein involvement by tumor.
Keywords: adult; clinical article; controlled study; aged; middle aged; carcinoma, hepatocellular; liver neoplasms; preoperative care; nuclear magnetic resonance imaging; magnetic resonance imaging; preoperative evaluation; sensitivity and specificity; prospective studies; diagnostic imaging; cancer invasion; echography; predictive value of tests; contrast media; liver cancer; bile duct neoplasms; bile ducts, intrahepatic; cholangiocarcinoma; evaluation studies; gadolinium dtpa; ultrasonography; hepatic vein; humans; human; male; female; priority journal; article; hepatic veins; liver, mr; hepatic veins, mr; hepatic veins, stenosis or obstruction; hepatic veins, us; liver, us
Journal Title: Radiology
Volume: 206
Issue: 3
ISSN: 0033-8419
Publisher: Radiological Society of North America, Inc.  
Date Published: 1998-03-01
Start Page: 651
End Page: 656
Language: English
PUBMED: 9494482
PROVIDER: scopus
DOI: 10.1148/radiology.206.3.9494482
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 12 December 2016 -- Source: Scopus
Altmetric Score
MSK Authors
  1. David M Panicek
    119 Panicek
  2. Leslie H Blumgart
    347 Blumgart
  3. Ariadne Bach
    56 Bach
  4. Lawrence H Schwartz
    282 Schwartz
  5. Yuman Fong
    751 Fong
  6. Lucy E Hann
    68 Hann