Coordinated regulation of cap-dependent translation and microrna function by convergent signaling pathways Journal Article

Authors: Olejniczak, S. H.; La Rocca, G.; Radler, M. R.; Egan, S. M.; Xiang, Q.; Garippa, R.; Thompson, C. B.
Article Title: Coordinated regulation of cap-dependent translation and microrna function by convergent signaling pathways
Abstract: Cell growth and proliferation require the coordinated activation of many cellular processes, including cap-dependent mRNA translation. MicroRNAs oppose cap-dependent translation and set thresholds for expression of target proteins. Emerging data suggest that microRNA function is enhanced by cellular activation due in part to induction of the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) scaffold protein GW182. In the current study, we demonstrate that increased expression of GW182 in activated or transformed immune cells results from effects of phosphoinositol 3-kinase-Akt-mechanistic target of rapamycin (PI3K-AktmTOR) and Jak-Stat-Pim signaling on the translation of GW182 mRNA. Both signaling pathways enhanced polysome occupancy and eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) binding to the 5= 7mG cap of GW182 mRNA. The effect of Jak-Stat-Pim signaling on polysome occupancy and expression of GW182 protein was greater than that of PI3K-Akt-mTOR signaling, likely resulting from enhanced eIF4A-dependent unwinding of G-quadruplexes in the 5= untranslated region of GW182 mRNA. Consistent with this, GW182 expression and microRNA function were reduced by inhibition of mTOR or Pim kinases, translation initiation complex assembly, or eIF4A function. Taken together, these data provide a mechanistic link between microRNA function and cap-dependent translation that allows activated immune cells to maintain microRNA-mediated repression of targets despite enhanced rates of protein synthesis. © 2016, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Journal Title: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Volume: 36
Issue: 18
ISSN: 0270-7306
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology  
Date Published: 2016-09-01
Start Page: 2360
End Page: 2373
Language: English
DOI: 10.1128/mcb.01011-15
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC5007797
PUBMED: 27354062
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 3 October 2016 -- Source: Scopus
Citation Impact
MSK Authors
  1. Craig Bernie Thompson
    128 Thompson
  2. Ralph James Garippa
    16 Garippa
  3. Megan Rose Radler
    4 Radler
  4. Qing   Xiang
    5 Xiang