U.S. internal medicine residents' knowledge and practice of high-value care: A national survey Journal Article

Authors: Ryskina, K. L.; Smith, C. D.; Weissman, A.; Post, J.; Dine, C. J.; Bollmann, K.; Korenstein, D.
Article Title: U.S. internal medicine residents' knowledge and practice of high-value care: A national survey
Abstract: Purpose: To determine U.S. Internal medicine (IM) residents' knowledge of, attitudes toward, and self-reported practice of high-value care (HVC), or care that balances the benefits, harms, and costs of tests and treatments. Method: The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of U.S. IM residents who took the Internal Medicine In-Training Examination in October 2012. They used multivariable mixed-effects models to examine the relationships between self-reported knowledge and practice of HVC and both exposure to HVC teaching and the care intensity of the training hospital (based on a composite age-sex-race-illness standardized measure of hospital days and inpatient physician visits by Medicare recipients). Results: Of 21,617 residents who received the survey, 18,102 (83.7%) completed it. Self-reported HVC practices varied: 4,187 of 17,633 respondents (23.7%) agreed that they "share estimated costs of tests and treatments with patients"; 15,549 of 17,626 (88.2%) agreed that they "incorporate patients' values and concerns into clinical decisions." Discussions about balancing the benefits, harms, and costs of treatments with faculty during patient care at least a few times a week were reported by 7,103 of 17,704 respondents (40.1%) and were associated with all self-reported HVC practices. The training hospital's care intensity was inversely associated with self-reported incorporation of costs and patient values into clinical decisions but not with other self-reported behaviors. Conclusions: U.S. IM residents reported varying HVC knowledge and practice. Faculty discussions of HVC during patient care correlated with such knowledge and practice and may represent an opportunity to improve residents' competency in providing value-based care. Copyright © 2015 by the Association of American Medical Colleges.
Journal Title: Academic Medicine
Volume: 90
Issue: 10
ISSN: 1040-2446
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins  
Date Published: 2015-10-01
Start Page: 1373
End Page: 1379
Language: English
DOI: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000791
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 26083399
Notes: Review -- Export Date: 28 March 2016 -- Source: Scopus
Citation Impact
MSK Authors