On the determination of an effective planning volume for permanent prostate implants Journal Article


Authors: Lee, E. K.; Zaider, M.
Article Title: On the determination of an effective planning volume for permanent prostate implants
Abstract: Purpose: In current practice, planning for prostate brachytherapy is based on the state of the prostate at a particular instant in time, Because treatment occurs over an extended period, changes in the prostate volume (gland shrinkage) and seed displacement lead to disagreement between planned dosimetry to the prostate and the dose actually received by the prostate, Discrepancies between planned and actual dose to the rectum and urethra also occur, The purpose of this study is to investigate the possibility of defining an "effective planning volume" that compensates for changes in prostate volume and seed displacement. Methods and Materials: Waterman's formula is used to estimate prostate shrinkage and seed displacement. The prostate volume and potential seed positions at days 0, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 30 are used in formulating time-dependent dosimetric treatment planning models. Both single-period and multi-period models are proposed and analyzed, A state-of-the-art computational engine generates unbiased, high-quality treatment plans in a matter of minutes, Plans are evaluated using coverage and conformity indices computed at specific times over a period of 30 days, The models allow dose to urethra and rectum to be strictly controlled at specific instants in time, or throughout the 30-day horizon, Results: For plans generated from the single-period models-based on projected prostate volumes and potential seed positions on days t = 0, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, respectively-as t increases, the conformity index improves while the coverage worsens. In particular, the best coverage and worst conformity are achieved for the plan generated using t = 0 (day 0) information. This plan provides over 99% coverage over the entire 30-day period, and while it has initial conformity index 1.24, the conformity index climbs to 1.58 by day 30, Conversely, the worst coverage and best conformity are achieved when the plan is generated using projected information from t = 30 (day 30). Plans based on projected data at day 30 yield an initial coverage of only 84%, with conformity scores less than 1.34 over the entire 30-day period, Among the multi-period plans, with the exception of the two-period plan obtained using day 0 and projected day 6 data, the average coverage is 98% while conformity indices below 1.46 are maintained throughout the 30-day horizon. Excessive dose to the urethra and rectum is observed when only day 0 dosimetric and volumetric data are imposed in the planning procedure. In this case, by day 30, 89% of urethra volume receives dose in excess of 120% of the remaining prescription dose. Similarly, 40% of rectum volume receives dose in excess of the prescribed upper dose bound of 78% of the remaining prescription dose, When multi-period dosimetric constraints for urethra and rectum are imposed, dose to these structures is controlled throughout the 30-day period. Conclusions: A planning method that takes into account prostate shrinkage and seed displacement over time can be used to adjust the balance between coverage and conformity. Incorporating projected future volumetric information is useful in providing more conformal plans, in some cases improving conformity by as much as 21% while sacrificing roughly 7% of initial coverage. Evidence of possible morbidity reduction to urethra and rectum via the use of multi-period dosimetric constraints on these structures is demonstrated. Among all plans considered, the plan obtained via the six-period model provides the best coverage and conformity over the 30-day horizon. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Inc.
Keywords: edema; brachytherapy; complications; model; urethra; optimization; impact; postimplant dosimetry; i-125; automated treatment planning; prostate implants; effective planning volume
Journal Title: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Volume: 49
Issue: 4
ISSN: 0360-3016
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.  
Date Published: 2001-03-15
Start Page: 1197
End Page: 1206
Language: English
ACCESSION: WOS:000167327200033
DOI: 10.1016/s0360-3016(00)01536-4
PROVIDER: wos
PUBMED: 11240263
Notes: Article; Proceedings Paper --Presented at 41st Annual Meeting of the American Society for Therapeutic-Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO 99) -- 1999 Oct 30-Nov 4 -- San Antonio, TX -- Source: Wos
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  1. Marco Zaider
    169 Zaider