Statin use not associated with improved outcomes in patients treated with brachytherapy for prostate cancer Journal Article


Authors: Cuaron, J.; Pei, X.; Cohen, G. N.; Cox, B. W.; Yamada, Y.; Zelefsky, M. J.; Kollmeier, M. A.
Article Title: Statin use not associated with improved outcomes in patients treated with brachytherapy for prostate cancer
Abstract: Purpose: To investigate the association between statin use and prostate cancer outcomes in intermediate- and high-risk patients treated with brachytherapy for prostate cancer. Methods and Materials: Between 1998 and 2010, 754 men with National Comprehensive Cancer Network intermediate- (. n= 627) and high-risk (. n= 127) prostate cancer were treated with prostate brachytherapy at our institution. Patients received either low-dose-rate or high-dose-rate brachytherapy as monotherapy or in combination with supplemental external beam radiotherapy. Two hundred eighty-five patients (37.8%) also received androgen-deprivation therapy. Two hundred seventy-three men (36.2%) were identified as taking statin medication before initiating radiation therapy. Prostate-specific antigen relapse-free survival (PSA-RFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and overall survival were compared using log-rank tests. Associations of patient and treatment characteristics with outcomes were analyzed with univariate and multivariate regression. The median followup was 48months. Results: The 8-year PSA-RFS for intermediate-risk, high-risk, and all patients was 92.2%, 64.1%, and 87.7%, respectively. The 8-year DMFS was 97.1%, 82.9%, and 94.9%, respectively. The 8-year overall survival for the entire cohort was 86.6%. There were no significant differences between statin users and nonusers when stratified by risk group, nor when analyzed as a full cohort. On multivariate analysis, Gleason score 4+3= 7 and >7 were significantly associated with worse PSA-RFS (. p≤0.003 and <0.001, respectively). Gleason score>7 (. p=0.008) and the use of neoadjuvant androgen-deprivation therapy (. p=0.03) was associated with worse DMFS. Statin use did not significantly impact PSA-RFS or DMFS. Conclusions: Pretreatment statin use is not associated with improved outcomes in intermediate- and high-risk patients undergoing prostate brachytherapy-based regimens for prostate cancer. © 2015 American Brachytherapy Society.
Keywords: adult; cancer survival; major clinical study; overall survival; outcome assessment; prostate specific antigen; retrospective study; prostate cancer; gleason score; hospitalization; brachytherapy; external beam radiotherapy; kaplan meier method; androgen deprivation therapy; hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme a reductase inhibitor; intermediate risk patient; statins; human; male; priority journal; article
Journal Title: Brachytherapy
Volume: 14
Issue: 2
ISSN: 1538-4721
Publisher: Elsevier Science, Inc.  
Date Published: 2015-03-01
Start Page: 179
End Page: 184
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.brachy.2014.05.019
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 25500364
DOI/URL:
Notes: Export Date: 2 April 2015 -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Brett Wayne Cox
    62 Cox
  2. Michael J Zelefsky
    624 Zelefsky
  3. Yoshiya Yamada
    359 Yamada
  4. Gilad N Cohen
    132 Cohen
  5. Marisa A Kollmeier
    146 Kollmeier
  6. Xin Pei
    98 Pei
  7. John Jacob Cuaron
    41 Cuaron