Opportunistic infections in patients with and patients without acquired immunodeficiency syndrome Journal Article


Author: Sepkowitz, K. A.
Article Title: Opportunistic infections in patients with and patients without acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Abstract: In the next decade, longer survival of patients with cancer and more-aggressive therapies applied to common conditions, such as asthma and rheumatoid arthritis, will result in a larger population with significant immune system defects. Many in this population will be at risk for opportunistic infections, which are familiar to doctors who have treated people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, the epidemiology, presentation, and outcome of these infections in patients with an immune system defect, other than that caused by HIV infection, may be different than those encountered in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Reviewed are 4 common opportunistic infections: Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, cryptococcosis, atypical mycobacterial infection, and cytomegalovirus infection. Emphasized are the important differences among these groups at risk.
Keywords: clinical feature; liver transplantation; human immunodeficiency virus infection; risk factors; pneumocystis pneumonia; risk factor; postoperative infection; mycobacterium infections; acquired immune deficiency syndrome; acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; asthma; infection prevention; immunocompromised host; cytomegalovirus infection; infection risk; mycobacteriosis; opportunistic infection; lung transplantation; kidney transplantation; organ transplantation; heart transplantation; aids-related opportunistic infections; mycobacterium fortuitum; cryptococcosis; cryptococcus neoformans; pneumocystis carinii; cytomegalovirus infections; arthritis, rheumatoid; pneumonia, pneumocystis; humans; human; priority journal; article; atypical mycobacterium; mycobacterium chelonei
Journal Title: Clinical Infectious Diseases
Volume: 34
Issue: 8
ISSN: 1058-4838
Publisher: Oxford University Press  
Date Published: 2002-04-15
Start Page: 1098
End Page: 1107
Language: English
DOI: 10.1086/339548
PUBMED: 11914999
PROVIDER: scopus
DOI/URL:
Notes: Export Date: 14 November 2014 -- Source: Scopus
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  1. Kent A Sepkowitz
    270 Sepkowitz