Hospital and surgeon procedure volume as predictors of outcome following rectal cancer resection Journal Article

Authors: Schrag, D.; Panageas, K. S.; Riedel, E.; Cramer, L. D.; Guillem, J. G.; Bach, P. B.; Begg, C. B.
Article Title: Hospital and surgeon procedure volume as predictors of outcome following rectal cancer resection
Abstract: Objective: To compare surgeon and hospital procedure volume as predictors of outcomes for patients with rectal cancer. Summary Background Data: Although a "volume-outcome" relationship exists for several major cancer operations, the impact of procedure volume on outcomes following rectal cancer surgery remains uncertain, and it has not been determined whether hospital or surgeon volume is a more important predictor of outcomes. Methods: A retrospective population-based cohort study utilizing the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linked database identified 2,815 rectal cancer patients aged 65 and older who had surgery for a primary tumor diagnosed in 1992-1996 in a SEER area. Hospital- and surgeon-specific procedure volume was ascertained based on the number of claims submitted over the 5-year study period. Outcome measures were mortality at 30 days and 2 years, overall survival, and the rate of abdominoperineal resections. Age, sex, race, comorbid illness, cancer stage, and socioeconomic status were used to adjust for differences in case mix. Results: Neither hospital- nor surgeon-specific procedure volume was significantly associated with 30-day postoperative mortality or rates of rectal sphincter-sparing operations. Although an association between hospital volume and mortality at 2 years was evident, this finding was no longer significant once surgeon-specific volume was controlled for. In contrast, surgeon-specific volume was associated with 2-year mortality and remained an important predictor even after adjustment for hospital volume. Surgeon volume was also better than hospital procedure volume at predicting long-term survival. Conclusions: Surgeon-specific experience as measured by procedure volume can have a significant impact on survival for patients with rectal cancer.
Keywords: treatment outcome; aged; aged, 80 and over; cancer surgery; survival rate; retrospective studies; major clinical study; comparative study; cohort studies; prediction; risk factor; outcome assessment (health care); hospital; hospitals; medicare; survival time; surgeon; surgical mortality; seer program; rectal neoplasms; rectum cancer; digestive system surgical procedures; rectum abdominoperineal resection; humans; human; male; female; priority journal; article
Journal Title: Annals of Surgery
Volume: 236
Issue: 5
ISSN: 0003-4932
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins  
Date Published: 2002-11-01
Start Page: 583
End Page: 592
Language: English
DOI: 10.1097/00000658-200211000-00008
PUBMED: 12409664
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC1422616
Notes: Export Date: 14 November 2014 -- Source: Scopus
Citation Impact
MSK Authors
  1. Colin B Begg
    296 Begg
  2. Jose Guillem
    414 Guillem
  3. Deborah Schrag
    187 Schrag
  4. Laura Cramer
    17 Cramer
  5. Peter Bach
    254 Bach
  6. Katherine S Panageas
    471 Panageas