Perceptions of risk among childhood and young adult cancer survivors who smoke Journal Article

Authors: Ford, J. S.; Puleo, E.; Sprunck-Harrild, K.; DeMoor, J.; Emmons, K. M.
Article Title: Perceptions of risk among childhood and young adult cancer survivors who smoke
Abstract: Purpose: Despite the fact that childhood and young adult cancer survivors are at increased risk for chronic health problems as a result of their cancer treatment, many use tobacco, thereby increasing their risks. Perceptions of risk related to tobacco use can be targeted for interventions aimed at improving health behaviors for childhood, adolescent, and young adult cancer survivors. Understanding the covariates of perceptions of health risks among young adult survivors who smoke will help to determine targets for intervention. Method: Three hundred seventy-four participants who were diagnosed with cancer prior to age 35, currently between 18 and 55 years of age, and current smokers were recruited as part of a larger smoking cessation study, Partnership for Health-2 (PFH-2). Data were collected by telephone survey. Results: Overall, women had the highest perception of risk for serious health problems, a second cancer, and heart problems. Additionally, those participants who were dependent on nicotine endorsed that they were at higher risk of serious health problems and second cancers, but not heart problems. Finally, Hodgkin lymphoma survivors reported that they were at increased risk for second cancers and heart problems compared to their "healthy" peers. Conclusion: Young adult cancer survivors who smoke correctly perceived some of their increased health risks. Additional motivation and education is needed for those young adult cancer survivors who perceive their increased health risks yet continue to smoke. Further education is needed for young survivors so they have a fully appropriate sense of risk, especially as it relates to their tobacco use. © 2014 Springer-Verlag.
Keywords: adult; young adult; major clinical study; cancer risk; attitude to health; smoking; hodgkin disease; cancer survivor; risk assessment; cardiovascular disease; tobacco dependence; nicotine; childhood; second cancer; health hazard; risk perception; human; male; female; priority journal; article; telephone interview
Journal Title: Supportive Care in Cancer
Volume: 22
Issue: 8
ISSN: 0941-4355
Publisher: Springer Verlag  
Date Published: 2014-08-01
Start Page: 2207
End Page: 2217
Language: English
DOI: 10.1007/s00520-014-2165-8
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 24659242
Notes: Export Date: 2 September 2014 -- CODEN: SCCAE -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Jennifer S Ford
    57 Ford