Camptothecin analogs (irinotecan or topotecan) plus high-dose cyclophosphamide as preparative regimens for antibody-based immunotherapy in resistant neuroblastoma Journal Article


Authors: Kushner, B. H.; Kramer, K.; Modak, S.; Cheung, N. K. V.
Article Title: Camptothecin analogs (irinotecan or topotecan) plus high-dose cyclophosphamide as preparative regimens for antibody-based immunotherapy in resistant neuroblastoma
Abstract: Purpose: We used high-dose cyclophosphamide plus topotecan/vincristine (CTV) or irinotecan (C/I) in patients with resistant neuroblastoma. The aim was to use a regimen with little risk to major organs to (a) achieve or consolidate remission in heavily treated patients and to (b) induce an immunological state conducive to passive immunotherapy with the murine 3F8 antibody. Experimental Design: CTV and C/I included cyclophosphamide 140 mg/kg (∼4200 mg/m 2). With CTV, topotecan 2 mg/m2 was infused i.v. (30 min) on days 1-4 (total, 8 mg/m2), and vincristine 0.067 mg/kg was injected on day 1. With C/I, irinotecan, 50 mg/m2 was infused i.v. (1 h) on days 1-5 (total, 250 mg/m2). Mesna and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor were used. Results: Twenty-nine patients received 38 courses of CTV, and 26 patients received 38 courses of C/I. All patients had previously received topotecan, a hemopoietic stem-cell transplant, and/or high-dose cyclophosphamide. CTV and C/I caused myelosuppression of comparably prolonged duration as follows: absolute neutrophil counts <500/μl lasted 5-12 days in patients who had not previously received transplant and 7-21 days in patients who were post-transplant. Other significant toxicities included typhlitis (two CTV-treated patients, one C/I-treated patient) and hemorrhagic cystitis (one C/I-treated patient). Major responses were seen in 4 (15%) of 26 CTV and 4 (17%) of 24 C/I-treated patients with assessable disease. Bone marrow disease resolved in 5 (28%) of 18 CTV-treated patients and in 4 (27%) of 15 C/I-treated patients. 3F8 after CTV or C/I was not blocked by neutralizing antibodies, consistent with the desired immunosuppressive effect of high-dose cyclophosphamide. Conclusions: CTV and C/I require transfusional and antibiotic support but otherwise entail tolerable morbidity. They have modest antineuroblastoma activity in heavily treated patients and are good preparative regimens for passive immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies.
Keywords: adolescent; child; clinical article; child, preschool; antibiotic therapy; retrospective studies; unclassified drug; clinical trial; doxorubicin; cancer combination chemotherapy; diarrhea; drug efficacy; drug safety; combined modality therapy; topotecan; drug megadose; animals; cancer immunotherapy; nephrotoxicity; bone marrow suppression; mucosa inflammation; vomiting; antineoplastic combined chemotherapy protocols; camptothecin; cyclophosphamide; furosemide; vincristine; clinical protocol; hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; antineoplastic activity; drug effect; drug resistance, neoplasm; hematuria; ifosfamide; irinotecan; monoclonal antibody; hyponatremia; cancer regression; antibodies, monoclonal; immune response; neutrophil; immunotherapy; infant; neuroblastoma; cardiotoxicity; blood transfusion; outcomes research; platinum derivative; camptothecin derivative; mesna; immunosuppressive treatment; drug dose regimen; granulocyte colony stimulating factor; granulocyte colony-stimulating factor; sodium chloride; hemorrhagic cystitis; drug induced disease; monoclonal antibody 3f8; dna topoisomerase; neutralizing antibody; typhlitis; potassium chloride; humans; human; male; female; priority journal; article; leukocyte differential count
Journal Title: Clinical Cancer Research
Volume: 10
Issue: 1 Part 1
ISSN: 1078-0432
Publisher: American Association for Cancer Research  
Date Published: 2004-01-01
Start Page: 84
End Page: 87
Language: English
DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.ccr-1147-3
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 14734455
DOI/URL:
Notes: Clin. Cancer Res. -- Cited By (since 1996):29 -- Export Date: 16 June 2014 -- CODEN: CCREF -- Source: Scopus
Altmetric Score
MSK Authors
  1. Brian Kushner
    190 Kushner
  2. Nai-Kong Cheung
    439 Cheung
  3. Kim Kramer
    168 Kramer
  4. Shakeel Modak
    159 Modak