H(6)phospa-trastuzumab: Bifunctional methylenephosphonate-based chelator with (89)Zr, (111)In and (177)Lu Journal Article

Authors: Price, E. W.; Zeglis, B. M.; Lewis, J. S.; Adam, M. J.; Orvig, C.
Article Title: H(6)phospa-trastuzumab: Bifunctional methylenephosphonate-based chelator with (89)Zr, (111)In and (177)Lu
Abstract: The acyclic chelator H6phospa and the bifunctional derivative p-SCN-Bn-H6phospa have been synthesized using nosyl protection chemistry and evaluated with 89Zr, 111In, and 177Lu. The p-SCN-Bn-H6phospa derivative was successfully conjugated to trastuzumab with isotopic dilution assays indicating 3.3 ± 0.1 chelates per antibody and in vitro cellular binding assays indicating an immunoreactivity value of 97.9 ± 2.6%. Radiolabeling of the H 6phospa-trastuzumab immunoconjugate was achieved with 111In in 70-90% yields at room temperature in 30 minutes, while 177Lu under the same conditions produced more inconsistent yields of 40-80%. Stability experiments in human serum revealed the 111In- phospa-trastuzumab complex to be 52.0 ± 5.3% intact after 5 days at 37 °C, while the 177Lu-phospa-trastuzumab to be only 2.0 ± 0.3% intact. Small animal SPECT/CT imaging using mice bearing subcutaneous SKOV-3 ovarian cancer xenografts was performed, and it was found that 111In-phospa-trastuzumab successfully identified and delineated small (∼2 mm in diameter) tumors from surrounding tissues, despite visible uptake in the kidneys and bone due to moderate chelate instability. As predicted from stability assays in serum, the 177Lu-phospa-trastuzumab conjugate served as a negative control and displayed no tumor uptake, with high uptake in bones indicating rapid and complete radiometal dissociation and suggesting a potential application of H6phospa in transient lanthanide chelation for bone-delivery. Radiolabeling with 89Zr was attempted, but even with elevated temperatures of 37 °C, the maximum observed radiometal incorporation over 18 hours was 12%. It can be concluded from this work that H6phospa is not superior to the previously studied H 4octapa for use with 111In and 177Lu, but improvements in 89Zr radiolabeling were observed over H 4octapa, suggesting H6phospa to be an excellent starting point for elaboration of 89Zr-based radiopharmaceutical development. To our knowledge, H6phospa is the best desferrioxamine alternative for 89Zr radiolabeling to be studied to date. © 2014 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Journal Title: Dalton Transactions
Volume: 43
Issue: 1
ISSN: 1477-9226
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry  
Date Published: 2014-01-07
Start Page: 119
End Page: 131
Language: English
DOI: 10.1039/c3dt51940f
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC3872121
PUBMED: 24104523
Notes: Cited By (since 1996):1 -- Export Date: 2 January 2014 -- CODEN: DTARA -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Brian Zeglis
    78 Zeglis
  2. Jason S Lewis
    308 Lewis