Study using the NCCN guidelines for palliative care to screen patients for palliative care needs and referral to palliative care specialists Journal Article


Authors: Glare, P.; Plakovic, K.; Schloms, A.; Egan, B.; Epstein, A. S.; Kelsen, D.; Saltz, L.
Article Title: Study using the NCCN guidelines for palliative care to screen patients for palliative care needs and referral to palliative care specialists
Abstract: The NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines) for Palliative Care recommend screening all patients for palliative care (PC) needs and to call a PC consult when referral criteria are met. The goal of this pilot project was to evaluate the feasibility of implementing the screening and referral components of the NCCN Guidelines for Palliative Care in patients admitted to the Gastrointestinal Oncology Service (GIOS) at a comprehensive cancer center (CCC). Floor nurses performed the initial screening of all patients admitted to the 2 teams-Team A and Team B-of the GIOS on one floor of Memorial Hospital for 3 months. In addition, only the patients admitted to Team A were evaluated according to the referral criteria, triggering a PC consult if results were positive. Nurses were surveyed regarding satisfaction with and the acceptability of screening. During the study period, 229 (90%) total admissions were screened, with 169 (73%) having positive results. Of the Team A admissions, 72 (64%) met the referral criteria. More consults occurred for patients in Team A (47 vs 15; P=.001). In 30% of the referral criteria-triggered consults, the PC needs were manageable by the primary team. Nurses reported screening to be easy and quick (<5 minutes per patient) but only somewhat helpful. Being unfamiliar with many patients and families, floor nurses often felt unable to screen them accurately for some issues. In conclusion, screening was feasible, increasing access to PC, but accuracy and usefulness are concerns. With a consult indicated in 64% patients, yet with 30% being manageable by the primary team, the current criteria may be too sensitive for the inpatient environment of a CCC. More evaluation is needed before widespread implementation can be recommended. © JNCCN-Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.
Journal Title: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network
Volume: 11
Issue: 9
ISSN: 1540-1405
Publisher: Harborside Press  
Date Published: 2013-09-01
Start Page: 1087
End Page: 1096
Language: English
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 24029124
DOI/URL:
Notes: --- - "Export Date: 1 November 2013" - "Source: Scopus"