Current status of photoprotection by window glass, automobile glass, window films, and sunglasses Journal Article


Authors: Almutawa, F.; Vandal, R.; Wang, S. Q.; Lim, H. W.
Article Title: Current status of photoprotection by window glass, automobile glass, window films, and sunglasses
Abstract: Summary: Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) has known adverse effects on the skin and eyes. Practitioners are becoming more aware of the importance of outdoor photoprotection. However, little attention is directed to the exposure of the skin and eyes to UVR through the window glass or sunglasses. The amount of ultraviolet transmission through glass depends mainly on the type of the glass. All types of commercial and automobile glass block the majority of ultraviolet-B; however, the degree of ultraviolet-A transmission depends on the type of glass. Laminated glass offers better UVA protection than tempered glass; new safety regulations for automobiles may result in increased use of laminated glass for side windows. Window films can be applied to glass to increase UVR protection. Sunglasses need to be compliant with one of the national standards; a wraparound style or side shields offer the best protection. Increased understanding by practitioners on the transmission of UVR through glass, window films, and sunglasses would allow them to better educate the public and to better manage photosensitive patients. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Keywords: review; ultraviolet radiation; radiation exposure; glass; ultraviolet a radiation; ultraviolet b radiation; ultraviolet rays; photosensitivity; environmental exposure; sunlight; copper; radiation protection; photoprotection; infrared radiation; gold; solar radiation; spectacles; heating; sunglasses; automobiles; spectrophotometry; silver; microtechnology; window films; polyethylene terephthalate; car; building; eyeglasses
Journal Title: Photodermatology Photoimmunology and Photomedicine
Volume: 29
Issue: 2
ISSN: 0905-4383
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing  
Date Published: 2013-04-01
Start Page: 65
End Page: 72
Language: English
DOI: 10.1111/phpp.12022
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 23458389
DOI/URL:
Notes: --- - "Export Date: 1 April 2013" - "CODEN: PPPHE" - "Source: Scopus"
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MSK Authors
  1. Steven Q Wang
    73 Wang