Targeted delayed scanning at CT urography: A worthwhile use of radiation? Journal Article


Authors: Hack, K.; Pinto, P. A.; Gollub, M. J.
Article Title: Targeted delayed scanning at CT urography: A worthwhile use of radiation?
Abstract: Purpose: To determine whether ureteral segments not filled with contrast material at computed tomographic (CT) urography ever contain tumor detectable only by filling these segments with contrast material. Materials and Methods: In this institutional review board-approved, HIPAA-compliant retrospective study, with waiver of informed consent, databases were searched for all patients who underwent heminephroureterectomy or ureteroscopy between January 1, 2001, and December 31, 2009, with available CT urography findings in the 12 months prior to surgery or biopsy and patients who had undergone at least two CT urography procedures with a minimum 5-year follow- up between studies. One of two radiologists blinded to results of pathologic examination recorded location of unfilled segments, time of scan, subsequent filling, and pathologic or 5-year follow-up CT urography results. Tumors were considered missed in an unfilled segment if tumor was found at pathologic examination or follow-up CT urography in the same one-third of the ureter and there were no secondary signs of a mass with other index CT urography sequences. Estimated radiation dose for additional delayed sequences was calculated with a 32-cm phantom. Results: In 59 male and 33 female patients (mean age, 66 years) undergoing heminephroureterectomy, 27 tumors were present in 41 partially nonopacified ureters in 20 patients. Six tumors were present in nonopacified segments (one multifocal, none bilateral); all were identifiable by means of secondary signs present with earlier sequences. Among 182 lesions biopsied at ureteroscopy in 124 male and 53 female patients (mean age, 69 years), 28 tumors were present in nonopacified segments in 25 patients (four multifocal, none bilateral), all with secondary imaging signs detectable without delayed scanning. In 64 male and 29 female patients (mean age, 69 years) who underwent 5-year follow-up CT urography, three new tumors were revealed in three patients; none occurred in the unfilled ureter at index CT urography. Estimated radiation dose from additional sequences was 4.3 mSv per patient. Conclusion: Targeted delayed scanning at CT urography yielded no additional ureteral tumors and resulted in additional radiation exposure. © RSNA, 2012.
Keywords: adult; human tissue; aged; aged, 80 and over; middle aged; retrospective studies; major clinical study; radiation dose; follow up; tumor localization; tomography, x-ray computed; retrospective study; nephrectomy; radiation dosage; imaging, three-dimensional; nephroureterectomy; imaging; iohexol; contrast media; ureteral neoplasms; urography; ureter tumor; radiographic image interpretation, computer-assisted; ureteroscopy; urinary tract biopsy; computed tomographic urography; targeted delayed scanning
Journal Title: Radiology
Volume: 265
Issue: 1
ISSN: 0033-8419
Publisher: Radiological Society of North America, Inc.  
Date Published: 2012-10-01
Start Page: 143
End Page: 150
Language: English
DOI: 10.1148/radiol.12110548
PROVIDER: scopus
PUBMED: 22855323
DOI/URL:
Notes: --- - "Export Date: 2 November 2012" - "CODEN: RADLA" - "Source: Scopus"
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MSK Authors
  1. Marc J Gollub
    161 Gollub
  2. Kalesha Hack
    1 Hack
  3. Patricia Pinto
    2 Pinto