Recent advances in globin gene transfer for the treatment of beta-thalassemia and sickle cell anemia Journal Article

Author: Sadelain, M.
Article Title: Recent advances in globin gene transfer for the treatment of beta-thalassemia and sickle cell anemia
Abstract: Purpose of review: The β-thalassemias and sickle cell anemia are severe congenital anemias for which there is presently no curative therapy other than allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. This therapeutic option, however, is not available to most patients due to the lack of an HLA-matched bone marrow donor. The transfer of a regulated globin gene in autologous hematopoietic stem cells is therefore a highly attractive alternative treatment. This strategy, simple in principle, raises major challenges in terms of controlling transgene expression, which ideally should be erythroid specific, differentiation and stage restricted, elevated, position independent, and sustained over time. Recent findings: Using lentiviral vectors, May et al. demonstrated that an optimized combination of proximal and distal transcriptional control elements permits lineage-specific and elevated β-globin expression in vivo, resulting in therapeutic hemoglobin production and correction of anemia in β-thalassemic mice. Several groups have extended these findings to various models of β-thalassemia and sickle cell disease. While the addition of the wild-type β-globin gene is naturally suited for treating β-thalassemia, several alternatives have been proposed for the treatment of sickle cell disease, using either γ or mutant β-globin gene addition, trans-splicing or RNA interference. Summary: These recent advances bode well for the clinical investigation of stem cell-based gene therapy in the severe hemoglobinopathies. © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Keywords: treatment response; unclassified drug; gene mutation; review; nonhuman; animals; homologous recombination; rna interference; hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; cell differentiation; cell lineage; cell specificity; gene transfer; genetic vectors; gene expression regulation; hla matching; transcription regulation; recombinant protein; gene therapy; globin; lentivirus vector; beta thalassemia; erythroid cell; transgene; beta-thalassemia; safety; gene insertion; globins; gene transfer techniques; beta globin; organ donor; hemoglobinopathy; sickle cell anemia; anemia, sickle cell; lentiviral vector; regulator gene; insertional mutagenesis; stem cell therapy; hemoglobin synthesis; anti-sickling; globin gene transfer; severe hemoglobinopathy; recombinant beta globin; bone marrow donor
Journal Title: Current Opinion in Hematology
Volume: 13
Issue: 3
ISSN: 1065-6251
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Ltd.  
Date Published: 2006-05-01
Start Page: 142
End Page: 148
Language: English
DOI: 10.1097/01.moh.0000219658.57915.d4
PUBMED: 16567956
PROVIDER: scopus
Notes: --- - "Cited By (since 1996): 28" - "Export Date: 4 June 2012" - "CODEN: COHEF" - "Source: Scopus"
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MSK Authors
  1. Michel W J Sadelain
    562 Sadelain
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