Temporal trends in adoption of and indications for the artificial urinary sphincter Journal Article


Authors: Lee, R.; Te, A. E.; Kaplan, S. A.; Sandhu, J. S.
Article Title: Temporal trends in adoption of and indications for the artificial urinary sphincter
Abstract: Purpose: The introduction of the artificial urinary sphincter represented a significant advance in treating urinary incontinence. We examined temporal trends in artificial urinary sphincter use, focusing on adoption of the device with time, individual surgeon volume, indications for placement and differences in application by gender. Materials and Methods: Data on artificial urinary sphincter related operations performed in the United States from 1975 and thereafter were provided by the manufacturer. Surgical and demographic data on each patient were recorded and analyzed on an annual basis at 5-year intervals to determine the number of procedures performed as well as individual surgeon volume. Indications for implantation or revision were also studied and recorded in 5-year increments. Results: Artificial urinary sphincter use increased dramatically from 11 cases in 1975 to 3,762 in 2005. Most increased volume was due to an increase irk device use in men with little growth in use in women. More than 90% of surgeons who participated in artificial urinary sphincter surgery performed 5 or fewer related cases per year (median 1 to 2) in most years. The annual proportion of revision surgeries stabilized after an initial increase. The most prevalent indication for initial implantation in men from 1985 and thereafter was incontinence after radical prostatectomy. In women neurogenic disease was consistently the most common indication for placement. Conclusions: Artificial urinary sphincter use has increased dramatically in the United States since 1975 and it now appears to be stable. Placement is primarily performed in men with incontinence after radical prostatectomy. Only a small minority of surgeons perform a high volume of artificial urinary sphincter cases.
Keywords: prostatectomy; urinary bladder; complications; radical prostatectomy; satisfaction; outcomes; implantation; quality-of-life; urinary sphincter; artificial; incontinence; durability
Journal Title: Journal of Urology
Volume: 181
Issue: 6
ISSN: 0022-5347
Publisher: Elsevier Science, Inc.  
Date Published: 2009-01-01
Start Page: 2622
End Page: 2627
Language: English
ACCESSION: ISI:000266020500076
DOI: 10.1016/j.juro.2009.01.113
PROVIDER: wos
PUBMED: 19375102
Notes: --- - Article - "Source: Wos"
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MSK Authors
  1. Jaspreet Sandhu
    114 Sandhu
  2. Richard Kao Lee
    4 Lee