Genetic predictors of response to acupuncture or cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia in cancer survivors: An exploratory analysis Journal Article


Authors: Genovese, T. J.; Gehrman, P.; Yang, M.; Li, Y.; Garland, S. N.; Orlow, I.; Mao, J. J.
Article Title: Genetic predictors of response to acupuncture or cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia in cancer survivors: An exploratory analysis
Abstract: Context: Insomnia is a common problem affecting cancer survivors. While effective nonpharmacological treatments are available, it is unknown whether individual genetic characteristics influence treatment response. Objectives: We conducted an exploratory analysis of genetic associations with insomnia treatment response in a randomized trial of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) vs. acupuncture in a heterogeneous group of cancer survivors. Methods: We successfully genotyped 136 participants for 11 genetic variants. Successful treatment response was defined as a reduction in Insomnia Severity Index score of at least eight points from baseline to week 8. We used Fisher exact tests to evaluate associations between genotype and treatment success for each treatment arm, for an alpha level of 0.05 with unadjusted and Holm-Bonferroni-adjusted P-values. Results: We found that more carriers of COMT rs4680-A alleles responded to acupuncture compared to the GG carriers (63.6% vs. 27.8%, P = 0.013). More carriers of the NFKB2 rs1056890 CC genotype also responded to acupuncture compared to TT or CT carriers (72.2% vs. 38.9%, P = 0.009). There were no significant differences found between any of the tested gene variants and CBT-I response. None of the results remained statistically significant after adjustment for multiple testing. Conclusion: In cancer survivors, specific variants in the COMT and NFKB2 genes are potentially associated with response to acupuncture but not to CBT-I. Confirming these preliminary results will help inform precision insomnia management for cancer survivors. © 2021 American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine
Keywords: insomnia; acupuncture; genetic; snp; cancer; cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia
Journal Title: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Volume: 62
Issue: 3
ISSN: 0885-3924
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.  
Date Published: 2021-09-01
Start Page: e192
End Page: e199
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2021.03.002
PUBMED: 33716034
PROVIDER: scopus
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 1 October 2021 -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Yuelin Li
    180 Li
  2. Irene Orlow
    223 Orlow
  3. Jun J Mao
    142 Mao
  4. Mingxiao Yang
    3 Yang