The Cdc14 phosphatase controls resolution of recombination intermediates and crossover formation during meiosis Journal Article

Authors: Alonso-Ramos, P.; Álvarez-Melo, D.; Strouhalova, K.; Pascual-Silva, C.; Garside, G. B.; Arter, M.; Bermejo, T.; Grigaitis, R.; Wettstein, R.; Fernández-Díaz, M.; Matos, J.; Geymonat, M.; San-Segundo, P. A.; Carballo, J. A.
Article Title: The Cdc14 phosphatase controls resolution of recombination intermediates and crossover formation during meiosis
Abstract: Meiotic defects derived from incorrect DNA repair during gametogenesis can lead to mu-tations, aneuploidies and infertility. The coordinated resolution of meiotic recombination intermediates is required for crossover formation, ultimately necessary for the accurate completion of both rounds of chromosome segregation. Numerous master kinases orchestrate the correct assembly and activity of the repair machinery. Although much less is known, the reversal of phosphorylation events in meiosis must also be key to coordinate the timing and functionality of repair enzymes. Cdc14 is a crucial phosphatase required for the dephosphorylation of multiple CDK1 targets in many eukaryotes. Mutations that inactivate this phosphatase lead to meiotic failure, but until now it was unknown if Cdc14 plays a direct role in meiotic recombination. Here, we show that the elim-ination of Cdc14 leads to severe defects in the processing and resolution of recombination interme-diates, causing a drastic depletion in crossovers when other repair pathways are compromised. We also show that Cdc14 is required for the correct activity and localization of the Holliday Junction resolvase Yen1/GEN1. We reveal that Cdc14 regulates Yen1 activity from meiosis I onwards, and this function is essential for crossover resolution in the absence of other repair pathways. We also demonstrate that Cdc14 and Yen1 are required to safeguard sister chromatid segregation during the second meiotic division, a late action that is independent of the earlier role in crossover for-mation. Thus, this work uncovers previously undescribed functions of the evolutionary conserved Cdc14 phosphatase in the regulation of meiotic recombination. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Keywords: aneuploidy; meiotic recombination; cdc20; cdk1; holliday junction; sgs1; cdc14; ndt80; cdc5; mus81; yen1
Journal Title: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume: 22
Issue: 18
ISSN: 1422-0067
Publisher: MDPI  
Date Published: 2021-09-02
Start Page: 9811
Language: English
DOI: 10.3390/ijms22189811
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC8470964
PUBMED: 34575966
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 1 October 2021 -- Source: Scopus
Citation Impact
MSK Authors
  1. Meret Regula Arter
    1 Arter