Implementation of Monte Carlo simulations for the gamma knife system Journal Article


Authors: Xiong, W.; Huang, D.; Lee, L.; Feng, J.; Morris, K.; Calugaru, E.; Burman, C.; Li, J.; Ma, C. M.
Article Title: Implementation of Monte Carlo simulations for the gamma knife system
Abstract: Currently the Gamma Knife system is accompanied with a treatment planning system, Leksell GammaPlan (LGP) which is a standard, computer-based treatment planning system for Gamma Knife radiosurgery. In LGP, the dose calculation algorithm does not consider the scatter dose contributions and the inhomogeneity effect due to the skull and air cavities. To improve the dose calculation accuracy, Monte Carlo simulations have been implemented for the Gamma Knife planning system. In this work, the 201 Cobalt-60 sources in the Gamma Knife unit are considered to have the same activity. Each Cobalt-60 source is contained in a cylindric stainless steel capsule. The particle phase space information is stored in four beam data files, which are collected in the inner sides of the 4 treatment helmets, after the Cobalt beam passes through the stationary and helmet collimators. Patient geometries are rebuilt from patient CT data. Twenty two Patients are included in the Monte Carlo simulation for this study. The dose is calculated using Monte Carlo in both homogenous and inhomogeneous geometries with identical beam parameters. To investigate the attenuation effect of the skull bone the dose in a 16cm diameter spherical QA phantom is measured with and without a 1.5mm Lead-covering and also simulated using Monte Carlo. The dose ratios with and without the 1.5mm Lead-covering are 89.8% based on measurements and 89.2% according to Monte Carlo for a 18mm-collimator Helmet. For patient geometries, the Monte Carlo results show that although the relative isodose lines remain almost the same with and without inhomogeneity corrections, the difference in the absolute dose is clinically significant. The average inhomogeneity correction is (3.9 0.90) % for the 22 patients investigated. These results suggest that the inhomogeneity effect should be considered in the dose calculation for Gamma Knife treatment planning. © 2007 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Journal Title: Journal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume: 74
Issue: 1
ISSN: 1742-6588
Publisher: IOP Publishing Ltd  
Date Published: 2007-06-01
Start Page: 021023
Language: English
DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/74/1/021023
PROVIDER: scopus
DOI/URL:
Notes: --- - "Export Date: 17 November 2011" - "Source: Scopus"
Altmetric Score
MSK Authors
  1. Chandra M Burman
    137 Burman
  2. Jianian Feng
    5 Feng
  3. Kevin B Morris
    7 Morris
  4. Ying Chiang Huang
    43 Huang
  5. Leonard Lee
    3 Lee
  6. Weijun Xiong
    20 Xiong