Burnout rate and risk factors among anesthesiologists in the United States Journal Article


Authors: Afonso, A. M.; Cadwell, J. B.; Staffa, S. J.; Zurakowski, D.; Vinson, A. E.
Article Title: Burnout rate and risk factors among anesthesiologists in the United States
Abstract: Background: Physician burnout, widespread across medicine, is linked to poorer physician quality of life and reduced quality of care. Data on prevalence of and risk factors for burnout among anesthesiologists are limited. The objective of the current study was to improve understanding of burnout in anesthesiologists, identify workplace and personal factors associated with burnout among anesthesiologists, and quantify their strength of association. Methods: During March 2020, the authors surveyed member anesthesiologists of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. Burnout vtias assessed using the Nlaslach Burnout Inventory Human Services Survey. Additional survey questions queried workplace and personal factors. The primary research question was to assess rates of high risk for burnout (scores of at least 27 on the emotional exhaustion subscale and/or at least 10 on the depersonalization subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Services Survey) and burnout syndrome (demonstrating all three burnout dimensions, consistent with the World Health Organization definition). The secondary research question was to identify associated risk factors. Results: Of 28,677 anesthesiologists contacted, 13.6% (3,898) completed the survey; 59.2% (2,307 of 3,898) were at high risk of burnout, and 13.8% (539 of 3,898) met criteria for burnout syndrome. On multivariable analysis, perceived lack of support at work (odds ratio, 6.7; 95% Cl, 5.3 to 8.5); working greater than or equal to 40 fllweek (odds ratio, 2.22; 95% Cl, 1.80 to 2.75); lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender/transsexual, queer/questioning, intersex, and asexual status (odds ratio, 2.21; 95% Cl, 1.35 to 3.63); and perceived staffing shortages (odds ratio, 2.06; 95% Cl, 1.76 to 2.42) were independently associated with high risk for burnout. Perceived lack of support at,york (odds ratio, 10.0; 95% Cl, 5.4 to 18.3) and home (odds ratio, 2.13; 95% Cl, 1.69 to 2.69) were most strongly associated with burnout syndrome. Conclusions: The prevalence of burnout among anesthesiologists is high, with workplace factors vveighing heavily. The authors identified risk factors for burnout, especially perceived support in the workplace, where focused interventions may be effective in reducing burnout.
Keywords: prevalence; depression; satisfaction; health-care; substance use; personality; quality; work-life balance; physician burnout; us physicians
Journal Title: Anesthesiology
Volume: 134
Issue: 5
ISSN: 0003-3022
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins  
Date Published: 2021-05-01
Start Page: 683
End Page: 696
Language: English
ACCESSION: WOS:000639593200004
DOI: 10.1097/aln.0000000000003722
PROVIDER: wos
PUBMED: 33667293
Notes: Article -- Source: Wos
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  1. Anoushka Maria Afonso
    19 Afonso