Initial whole-genome sequencing of plasma cell neoplasms in first responders and recovery workers exposed to the World Trade Center attack of September 11, 2001 Journal Article


Authors: Maura, F.; Diamond, B.; Maclachlan, K. H.; Derkach, A.; Yellapantula, V. D.; Rustad, E. H.; Hultcrantz, M.; Shah, U. A.; Hong, J.; Landau, H. J.; Iacobuzio-Donahue, C. A.; Papaemmanuil, E.; Irby, S.; Crowley, L.; Crane, M.; Webber, M. P.; Goldfarb, D. G.; Zeig-Owens, R.; Giricz, O.; Verma, A.; Prezant, D. J.; Dogan, A.; Shah, S. P.; Zhang, Y.; Landgren, O.
Article Title: Initial whole-genome sequencing of plasma cell neoplasms in first responders and recovery workers exposed to the World Trade Center attack of September 11, 2001
Abstract: Purpose: The World Trade Center (WTC) attack of September 11, 2001 created an unprecedented environmental exposure to known and suspected carcinogens. High incidence of multiple myeloma and precursor conditions has been reported among first responders to the WTC disaster. To expand on our prior screening studies, and to characterize the genomic impact of the exposure to known and potential carcinogens in the WTC debris, we were motivated to perform whole-genome sequencing (WGS) of WTC first responders and recovery workers who developed a plasma cell disorder after the attack. Experimental Design: We performed WGS of nine CD138- positive bone marrow mononuclear samples from patients who were diagnosed with plasma cell disorders after the WTC disaster. Results: No significant differences were observed in comparing the post-WTC driver and mutational signature landscapes with 110 previously published WGSs from 56 patients with multiple myeloma and the CoMMpass WGS cohort (n = 752). Leveraging constant activity of the single-base substitution mutational signatures 1 and 5 over time, we estimated that tumor-initiating chromosomal gains were windowed to both pre- and post-WTC exposure. Conclusions: Although limitations in sample size preclude any definitive conclusions, our findings suggest that the observed increased incidence of plasma cell neoplasms in this population is due to complex and heterogeneous effects of theWTCexposure that may have initiated or contributed to progression of malignancy. © 2021 American Association for Cancer Research.
Journal Title: Clinical Cancer Research
Volume: 27
Issue: 7
ISSN: 1078-0432
Publisher: American Association for Cancer Research  
Date Published: 2021-04-01
Start Page: 2111
End Page: 2118
Language: English
DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.Ccr-20-2245
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC8026670
PUBMED: 33504553
DOI/URL:
Notes: Review -- Export Date: 1 June 2021 -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Heather Jolie Landau
    258 Landau
  2. Shani N Irby
    5 Irby
  3. Ahmet Dogan
    286 Dogan
  4. Carl Ola Landgren
    306 Landgren
  5. Yanming Zhang
    98 Zhang
  6. Sohrab Prakash Shah
    24 Shah
  7. Even Holth Rustad
    36 Rustad
  8. Urvi A Shah
    36 Shah
  9. Francesco Maura
    38 Maura
  10. Benjamin Diamond
    15 Diamond
  11. Andriy Derkach
    13 Derkach
  12. Jessica Hong
    1 Hong