Comparison of FDG and FMISO uptakes and distributions in head and neck squamous cell cancer tumors Journal Article

Authors: Nehmeh, S. A.; Moussa, M. B.; Lee, N.; Zanzonico, P.; Gönen, M.; Humm, J. L.; Schöder, H.
Article Title: Comparison of FDG and FMISO uptakes and distributions in head and neck squamous cell cancer tumors
Abstract: Purpose: Glycolysis is increased by hypoxia, suggesting a possible correlation between the accumulation of 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) in malignant tumors and regional hypoxia defined by 1H-1-(3-[18F]fluoro-2-hydroxypropyl)-2-nitroimidazole (FMISO) PET. The aim of this study is to investigate the intra-tumoral spatial distribution and quantitative relationship between FDG and FMISO in a cohort of head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) patients. Methods: Twenty HNSCC patients with 20 primary tumors and 19 metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) underwent FDG and FMISO PET within 1 week. The metabolic target volume (MTV) was defined on the FDG PET images using a region growing algorithm. The hypoxic volume (HV) was defined by the volume of voxels in an FMISO image within the MTV that satisfy a tumor-to-blood ratio (T/B) greater than 1.2. FDG and FMISO lesions were co-registered, and a voxel-by-voxel correlation between the two datasets was performed. FDG and FMISO TVs’ SUVs were also compared as well as the intra-tumoral homogeneity of the two radiotracers. Separate analysis was performed for the primary tumors and LNs. Results: Twenty-six percent of the primary tumors and 15% of LNs showed a strong correlation (R > 0.7) between FDG and FMISO intra-tumor distributions when considering the MTV. For the HV, only 19% of primary tumors and 12% of LN were strongly correlated. A weak and moderate correlation existed between the two markers SUVavg, and SUVmax in the case of the primary tumors, respectively. However, this was not the case for the LNs. Good concordances were also observed between the primary tumor’s and LNs HV SUVavgs as well as between the corresponding hypoxic fractions (HF’s). Conclusions: A moderate correlation between FDG and hypoxia radiotracer distribution, as measured by FMISO, seems to exist for primary tumors. However, discordant results were found in the case of LNs. Hypoxia appears to be the dominant driver of high FDG uptake in selected tumors only, and therefore FDG PET images cannot be used as a universal surrogate to identify or predict intra-tumor hypoxia. © 2021, The Author(s).
Keywords: hypoxia; fdg; glucose metabolism; fmiso
Journal Title: EJNMMI Research
Volume: 11
ISSN: 2191-219X
Publisher: Springer  
Date Published: 2021-04-14
Start Page: 38
Language: English
DOI: 10.1186/s13550-021-00767-w
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC8046891
PUBMED: 33855685
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 3 May 2021 -- Source: Scopus
Citation Impact
MSK Authors
  1. Mithat Gonen
    822 Gonen
  2. Nancy Y. Lee
    678 Lee
  3. Heiko Schoder
    367 Schoder
  4. Sadek Nehmeh
    68 Nehmeh
  5. John Laurence Humm
    374 Humm
  6. Pat B Zanzonico
    295 Zanzonico