Multi-sample measurement of hyperpolarized pyruvate-to-lactate flux in melanoma cells Journal Article


Authors: Lees, H.; Millan, M.; Ahamed, F.; Eskandari, R.; Granlund, K. L.; Jeong, S.; Keshari, K. R.
Article Title: Multi-sample measurement of hyperpolarized pyruvate-to-lactate flux in melanoma cells
Abstract: Hyperpolarized [1-13C] pyruvate can be used to examine the metabolic state of cancer cells, highlighting a key metabolic characteristic of cancer: the upregulated metabolic flux to lactate, even in the presence of oxygen (Warburg effect). Thus, the rate constant of 13C exchange of pyruvate to lactate, kPL, can serve as a metabolic biomarker of cancer presence, aggressiveness and therapy response. Established in vitro hyperpolarized experiments dissolve the probe for each cell sample independently, an inefficient process that consumes excessive time and resources. Expanding on our previous development of a microcoil with greatly increased detection sensitivity (103-fold) compared with traditional in vitro methods, we present a novel microcoil equipped with a 10-μL vertical reservoir and an experimental protocol utilizing deuterated dissolution buffer to measure metabolic flux in multiple mass-limited cell suspension samples using a single dissolution. This method increases efficiency and potentially reduces the methodological variability associated with hyperpolarized experiments. This technique was used to measure pyruvate-to-lactate flux in melanoma cells to assess BRAF-inhibition treatment response. There was a significant reduction of kPL in BRAFV600E cells following 24 and 48 hours of treatment with 2 μM vemurafenib (P ≤.05). This agrees with significant changes observed in the pool sizes of extracellular lactate (P ≤.05) and glucose (P ≤.001) following 6 and 48 hours of treatment, respectively, and a significant reduction in cell proliferation following 72 hours of treatment (P ≤.01). BRAF inhibition had no significant effect on the metabolic flux of BRAFWT cells. These data demonstrate a 6-8–fold increase in efficiency for the measurement of kPL in cell suspension samples compared with traditional hyperpolarized in vitro methods. © 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Keywords: treatment response; cell proliferation; metabolism; melanoma; oncology; cell culture; cell suspension; dermatology; braf; diseases; rate constants; lactic acid; cells; efficiency; dissolution; pyruvate; lactate; detection sensitivity; cancer; metabolic state; metabolic characteristics; hyperpolarized [1; hyperpolarized 13c-mrs; data communication equipment; experimental protocols; metabolic biomarkers
Journal Title: NMR in Biomedicine
Volume: 34
Issue: 3
ISSN: 0952-3480
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons  
Date Published: 2021-03-01
Start Page: e4447
Language: English
DOI: 10.1002/nbm.4447
PUBMED: 33314422
PROVIDER: scopus
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 1 March 2021 -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Sangmoo Jeong
    5 Jeong
  2. Hannah Jane Lees
    1 Lees