Oncogenic genomic alterations, clinical phenotypes, and outcomes in metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer Journal Article

Authors: Stopsack, K. H.; Nandakumar, S.; Wibmer, A. G.; Haywood, S.; Weg, E. S.; Barnett, E. S.; Kim, C. J.; Carbone, E. A.; Vasselman, S. E.; Nguyen, B.; Hullings, M. A.; Scher, H. I.; Morris, M. J.; Solit, D. B.; Schultz, N.; Kantoff, P. W.; Abida, W.
Article Title: Oncogenic genomic alterations, clinical phenotypes, and outcomes in metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer
Abstract: PURPOSE: The genomic underpinning of clinical phenotypes and outcomes in metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer is unclear. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: In patients with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer at a tertiary referral center, clinical-grade targeted tumor sequencing was performed to quantify tumor DNA copy number alterations and alterations in predefined oncogenic signaling pathways. Disease volume was classified as high volume (≥4 bone metastases or visceral metastases) versus low volume. RESULTS: Among 424 patients (88% white), 213 (50%) had high-volume disease and 211 (50%) had low-volume disease, 275 (65%) had de novo metastatic disease, and 149 (35%) had metastatic recurrence of nonmetastatic disease. Rates of castration resistance [adjusted hazard ratio, 1.84; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.40-2.41] and death (adjusted hazard ratio, 3.71; 95% CI, 2.28-6.02) were higher in high-volume disease. Tumors from high-volume disease had more copy number alterations. The NOTCH, cell cycle, and epigenetic modifier pathways were the highest-ranking pathways enriched in high-volume disease. De novo metastatic disease differed from metastatic recurrences in the prevalence of CDK12 alterations but had similar prognosis. Rates of castration resistance differed 1.5-fold to 5-fold according to alterations in AR, SPOP (inverse), and TP53, and the cell cycle, WNT (inverse), and MYC pathways, adjusting for disease volume and other genomic pathways. Overall survival rates differed 2-fold to 4-fold according to AR, SPOP (inverse), WNT (inverse), and cell-cycle alterations. PI3K pathway alterations were not associated with prognosis once adjusted for other factors. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified genomic features associated with prognosis in metastatic castration-sensitive disease that may aid in molecular classification and treatment selection. ©2020 American Association for Cancer Research.
Journal Title: Clinical Cancer Research
Volume: 26
Issue: 13
ISSN: 1078-0432
Publisher: American Association for Cancer Research  
Date Published: 2020-07-01
Start Page: 3230
End Page: 3238
Language: English
DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.Ccr-20-0168
PUBMED: 32220891
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC7334067
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 3 August 2020 -- Source: Scopus
Citation Impact
MSK Authors
  1. Michael Morris
    434 Morris
  2. David Solit
    653 Solit
  3. Howard Scher
    1073 Scher
  4. Wassim Abida
    117 Abida
  5. Nikolaus D Schultz
    342 Schultz
  6. Andreas Georg Wibmer
    42 Wibmer
  7. Emily Steinberger Weg
    12 Weg
  8. Philip Wayne Kantoff
    177 Kantoff
  9. Ethan Sean Barnett
    25 Barnett
  10. Emily Ann Carbone
    21 Carbone
  11. Bastien Nguyen
    21 Nguyen
  12. Chloe Jinsol Kim
    1 Kim