Agonistic effects of anti‐CD2 and anti‐CD16 antibodies on human natural killer killing Journal Article


Authors: Uggla, C. K.; Geisberg, M.; Jondal, M.; Knowles, R. W.
Article Title: Agonistic effects of anti‐CD2 and anti‐CD16 antibodies on human natural killer killing
Abstract: Two monoclonal antibodies (MoAb), 9–1 (anti‐CD2) and 3G8 (Anti‐CD16), were previously shown to enhance the cytotoxic activity of human natural killer (NK) cells. The present study examined the effect of 9–1 and 3g8 with different effector and target cell to determine whether they activate NK cells through a common mechanism. Analysis of purified lymphocyte subpopulations demonstrated that the CD3+ CD16+ CD3‐ NK effector cell population is enhanced by both antibodies, while purified CD2+ CD16‐ CD3+ T Cells are not activated by either antibody. Although both antibodies enhance killing of K‐562 and Daudi, killing of T‐cell lines is enhanced by 9–1 and enhanced by.3G8. In constrast, killing of the promyelocytic cell line, U‐937 is inhibited by 4–1 and enhanced by 3G8. On NK‐susceptible cells the pattern of enhancement with 3G8, an IgG1 MoAb, is consistent with the pattern of target cell expression of an Fc receptor, FcR II, known to bind IgG1 antibodies. This suggests that 3G8 may cross‐link effector and target cells through CD16 on the effectors and FcR II on these targets. This could activate NK killing by a mechanism similar in antibody‐dependent cellular cytotoxicity reactions (ADCC) with the MoAb in the reverse orientation. The failure of JG8 F(ab′)2 fragments to enhance NK killing, further supports the reverse ADCC mechanism of enhancement by.3G8. The pattern of enhancement mediated by 9–1, an IgG3 MoAb, is not correlated with any target cell Fc‐receptor known 10 bind IgG3 MoAb. The effect of 9–1 may result, instead, from its binding to the unique 9–1 epitope on the CD2 molecule involved in CD2‐medialed T‐cell activation, as previously described. Alternative mechanisms, including activation of NK killing by 9–1 mediated cross‐linking of CD2 and CD16 on the effector cells, have also been discussed. Copyright © 1989, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
Keywords: human cell; monoclonal antibody; antibodies, monoclonal; cell culture; natural killer cell; killer cells, natural; fc receptor; receptors, igg; adjuvants, immunologic; antigens, differentiation; receptors, immunologic; antigens, differentiation, t-lymphocyte; cytotoxicity tests, immunologic; receptors, fc; antigens, cd2; antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity; human; priority journal; support, non-u.s. gov't; support, u.s. gov't, p.h.s.
Journal Title: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
Volume: 29
Issue: 5
ISSN: 0300-9475
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons  
Date Published: 1989-05-01
Start Page: 507
End Page: 515
Language: English
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3083.1989.tb01153.x
PUBMED: 2567053
PROVIDER: scopus
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 14 April 2020 -- Source: Scopus
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  1. Robert W Knowles
    20 Knowles