Comprehension and acceptance of the Meaning-Centered Psychotherapy with a Puerto Rican patient diagnosed with advanced cancer: A case study Journal Article

Authors: Torres-Blasco, N.; Castro, E.; Crespo-Martín, I.; Gonzalez, K.; Ramirez, E. P.; Garduño, O.; Costas-Muñiz, R.
Article Title: Comprehension and acceptance of the Meaning-Centered Psychotherapy with a Puerto Rican patient diagnosed with advanced cancer: A case study
Abstract: Background Meaning-centered psychotherapy (MCP) is a structured psychotherapeutic intervention that aims to improve existential and spiritual well-being in patients with advanced cancer. To validate it, several efficacy studies with predominantly non-Hispanic white patients have been done. Puerto Ricans residing on the island are a largely overlooked segment of the US Latinx population. They have a strong national identity and are embedded in a collectivist culture which shares the Spanish language, cultural traditions, and an emphasis on familism, a cultural factor that values the role of the family in ensuring the well-being of its members.Objective The purpose of this study is to present a case study focused on a Puerto Rican advanced cancer patient who underwent MCP to assess the comprehension and acceptance of the MCP intervention.Method We used a mixed-methods study design that included the taking of ethnographic notes, and pre-and post-test assessments of the scores the patient received on all the measures (using validated scales). The ethnographic notes were analyzed to determine the participant's comprehension and acceptance of the MCP intervention. Content analysis was performed on the ethnographic notes by three independent coders using a deductive coding approach. Pre-and post-interview assessments were conducted to explore changes in distress, spiritual well-being, and self-perceived quality of life.Results A Latino patient with stage III cancer, low income, and low literacy skills showed low comprehension of the concepts of meaning, the finite, legacy, and moderate comprehension and acceptance of the concepts of the search for hope, purpose in life, connecting with life, courage, life's limitations, and sources of meaning. However, the patient showed high comprehension of death and dying (i.e., meaningful death). The patient showed low acceptance of death and dying concepts and high acceptance of the integration of family members into the therapy.Significance of Results Additional studies are needed to address cultural themes and to improve the comprehensibility and acceptance of the manual's content and the central MCP concepts. The findings suggest that MCP has the potential of being a feasible form of psychotherapy for Latinx patients suffering from distress, low spiritual well-being, and low self-perceived QOL. Copyright © 2019 Cambridge University Press.
Keywords: quality of life; meaning; therapy; hispanic; distress; existential; spiritual well-being; cancer; latinx
Journal Title: Palliative and Supportive Care
Volume: 18
Issue: 1
ISSN: 1478-9515
Publisher: Cambridge University Press  
Date Published: 2020-02-01
Start Page: 103
End Page: 109
Language: English
DOI: 10.1017/s1478951519000567
PUBMED: 31771680
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC7323897
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 1 April 2020 -- Source: Scopus
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