Comparison of international ovarian tumor analysis simple rules to society of radiologists in ultrasound guidelines for detection of malignancy in adnexal cysts Journal Article


Authors: Patel-Lippmann, K. K.; Sadowski, E. A.; Robbins, J. B.; Paroder, V.; Barroilhet, L.; Maddox, E.; McMahon, T.; Sampene, E.; Wasnik, A. P.; Blaty, A. D.; Maturen, K. E.
Article Title: Comparison of international ovarian tumor analysis simple rules to society of radiologists in ultrasound guidelines for detection of malignancy in adnexal cysts
Abstract: OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis (IOTA) simple rules and the Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound (SRU) guidelines for detecting ovarian malignancy in a general population of women presenting to radiology departments with adnexal cystic lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A retrospective multicenter study of ultrasound-detected adnexal cystic lesions with appropriate follow-up was conducted. Lesions were classified into benign, indeterminate, or malignant categories according to criteria based on the IOTA simple rules and the SRU guidelines. The prevalence of nonneoplastic cysts, neoplasms, and malignant tumors was calculated. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy were calculated, and ROC analysis for the diagnosis of malignancy was performed. RESULTS. A total of 697 women with 764 cystic lesions were included; 85.2% (651/764) of the lesions were nonneoplastic, 12.2% (93/764) were benign neoplasms, and 2.6% (20/764) were malignant neoplasms. Nearly all malignancies were classified into indeterminate and malignant categories. The prevalence of malignancy in the indeterminate category was 4.8% (7/145) (SRU) to 10.7% (7/65) (IOTA) and in the malignant category was 18.1% (13/72) (SRU) to 34.3% (12/35) (IOTA). Only one malignancy was misclassified as benign by the IOTA simple rules. The sensitivity of the IOTA simple rules for malignancy was 90.0%; specificity, 96.5%; PPV, 29.0%; NPV, 99.8%; and accuracy, 96.4%. The corresponding values for the SRU guidelines were 100%, 89.6%, 14.9%, 100%, and 89.8%. In ROC analysis, the IOTA simple rules were slightly more accurate than the SRU guidelines (AUC, 0.9805 versus 0.9713; p = 0.0003). CONCLUSION. Both imaging characterization methods were sensitive for identifying ovarian malignancies, but the PPV was low among women presenting to radiology departments, and the indeterminate classification harbored one-third of the total malignancies. Exploration of varied clinical settings and inclusion of secondary tests may help to refine these systems. © American Roentgen Ray Society
Keywords: ultrasound; iota; adnexal cyst; international ovarian tumor analysis; society of radiologists in ultrasound; sru
Journal Title: American Journal of Roentgenology
Volume: 214
Issue: 3
ISSN: 0361-803X
Publisher: American Roentgen Ray Society  
Date Published: 2020-01-01
Start Page: 694
End Page: 700
Language: English
DOI: 10.2214/ajr.18.20630
PUBMED: 31770022
PROVIDER: scopus
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Source: Scopus
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  1. Viktoriya Paroder
    37 Paroder