Impact of acute kidney injury and its duration on long-term renal function after partial nephrectomy Journal Article


Authors: Bravi, C. A.; Vertosick, E.; Benfante, N.; Tin, A.; Sjoberg, D.; Hakimi, A. A.; Touijer, K.; Montorsi, F.; Eastham, J.; Russo, P.; Vickers, A.
Article Title: Impact of acute kidney injury and its duration on long-term renal function after partial nephrectomy
Abstract: Acute kidney injury (AKI) negatively affects long-term functional recovery after partial nephrectomy and thus should be prevented. The duration of injury is informative, and should be included in the assessment of AKI and in future studies addressing this topic. © 2019 European Association of Urology Background: The relationship between acute kidney injury (AKI) and long-term renal function is controversial. The influence of AKI duration on functional recovery after partial nephrectomy has never been investigated. Objective: To investigate the association between AKI and renal function 1 yr after partial nephrectomy, and whether this relationship is affected by the duration of AKI. Design, setting, and participants: We analyzed the data of 1893 patients treated by partial nephrectomy for a single cT1 N0 M0 renal mass. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: We defined three outcomes of interest: (1) recovery of at least 90% of baseline function 1 yr after partial nephrectomy, (2) percentage change of 1-yr renal function compared with baseline function, and (3) chronic kidney disease (CKD) upstaging. AKI was defined according to the RIFLE criteria and recorded up to the 7th postoperative day. The association between AKI and each endpoint of interest was examined using regression models after adjustment for common predictors of renal function. Results and limitations: A total of 388 (20%) patients experienced AKI after surgery. The rate of patients recovering 90% of baseline function was lower in the AKI group (30% vs 61%), while the proportion of patients who had CKD upstaging was significantly higher (51% vs 23%; both p < 0.0001). At multivariable analysis, AKI was associated with worse renal function 1 yr after partial nephrectomy, regardless of the outcome of interest (all p < 0.0001). Longer AKI increases the risk of functional deterioration, especially after the 3rd day of injury. The risk of CKD upstaging for an average patient who had 1–3 versus ≥4 d of AKI was 46% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 40%, 52%) versus 67% (95% CI: 55%, 78%; absolute risk increase of 21%; 95% CI: 8%, 34%). Conclusions: AKI negatively affects long-term functional recovery after partial nephrectomy, and thus, modifiable factors associated with AKI should be identified and corrected preoperatively. The duration of injury is informative, and should be included in the assessment of AKI and in future studies addressing this topic. Patient summary: Proper functional recovery after partial nephrectomy is jeopardized by acute kidney injury (AKI). Inclusion of the dimension of time into classification systems for AKI may be beneficial for postoperative risk stratification. © 2019 European Association of Urology
Keywords: renal cell carcinoma; partial nephrectomy; acute kidney injury duration; long-term renal function
Journal Title: European Urology
Volume: 76
Issue: 3
ISSN: 0302-2838
Publisher: Elsevier Science, Inc.  
Date Published: 2019-09-01
Start Page: 398
End Page: 403
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.eururo.2019.04.040
PUBMED: 31080127
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC7641193
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 30 August 2019 -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Paul Russo
    531 Russo
  2. Abdelkrim Karim Touijer
    217 Touijer
  3. Andrew J Vickers
    671 Vickers
  4. Daniel D. Sjoberg
    187 Sjoberg
  5. James Eastham
    473 Eastham
  6. Abraham Ari Hakimi
    237 Hakimi
  7. Emily Vertosick
    100 Vertosick
  8. Amy Lam Ling Tin
    41 Tin
  9. Carlo Andrea Bravi
    8 Bravi