Measuring cultural awareness of nursing students: A first step toward cultural competency Journal Article


Authors: Krainovich-Miller, B.; Yost, J. M.; Norman, R. G.; Auerhahn, C.; Dobal, M.; Rosedale, M.; Lowry, M.; Moffa, C.
Article Title: Measuring cultural awareness of nursing students: A first step toward cultural competency
Abstract: This pilot study was designed to measure nursing students' level of cultural awareness. It replicated phase II of Rew, Becker, Cookston, Khosropour, & Martinez's (2003) methodological study that developed and tested a Cultural Awareness Scale (CAS). Using a cross-sectional design, the CAS was distributed to nursing students in three nursing programs' (bachelor's, master's, doctoral) beginning and end courses. Cronbach's alpha for the CAS Total instrument was 0.869, with subscale scores ranging from 0.687 to 0.902, comparable to the findings of Rew et al. Given the limitations of this study, results must be viewed with a degree of caution. Recommendations include further educational research in the form of psychometric testing of the CAS among nursing students, including refinement of both the CAS instrument and the demographic tool. The authors also recommend that studies be conducted to determine the validity and reliability of the CAS with nurses in the health care arena. © 2008 Sage Publications.
Keywords: united states; methodology; statistics; attitude to health; practice guideline; validation study; questionnaires; standard; questionnaire; psychological aspect; education; curriculum; pilot study; clinical competence; pilot projects; attitude of health personnel; nursing education research; cross-sectional study; cross-sectional studies; health knowledge, attitudes, practice; new york; awareness; health personnel attitude; educational measurement; psychometrics; psychometry; guidelines as topic; factorial analysis; factor analysis, statistical; nursing education; cultural anthropology; cultural competency; cultural awareness; cultural awareness scale (cas); purnell model for cultural competence; cultural competence; nursing student; transcultural care; cultural diversity; education, nursing, baccalaureate; education, nursing, graduate; students, nursing; transcultural nursing
Journal Title: Journal of Transcultural Nursing
Volume: 19
Issue: 3
ISSN: 1043-6596
Publisher: Sage Publications  
Date Published: 2008-07-01
Start Page: 250
End Page: 258
Language: English
DOI: 10.1177/1043659608317451
PUBMED: 18445761
PROVIDER: scopus
DOI/URL:
Notes: --- - "Export Date: 17 November 2011" - "Source: Scopus"
Altmetric Score
MSK Authors