Left ventricular geometry predicts optimal response to percutaneous mitral repair via MitraClip: Integrated assessment by two- and three-dimensional echocardiography Journal Article


Authors: Kim, J.; Alakbarli, J.; Palumbo, M. C.; Xie, L. X.; Rong, L. Q.; Tehrani, N. H.; Brouwer, L. R.; Devereux, R. B.; Wong, S. C.; Bergman, G. W.; Khalique, O. K.; Levine, R. A.; Ratcliffe, M. B.; Weinsaft, J. W.
Article Title: Left ventricular geometry predicts optimal response to percutaneous mitral repair via MitraClip: Integrated assessment by two- and three-dimensional echocardiography
Abstract: Objectives: To assess impact of left ventricular (LV) chamber remodeling on MitraClip (MClp) response. Background: MitraClip is the sole percutaneous therapy approved for mitral regurgitation (MR) but response varies. LV dilation affects mitral coaptation; determinants of MClp response are uncertain. Methods: LV and mitral geometry were quantified on pre- and post-procedure two-dimensional (2D) transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and intra-procedural three-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Optimal MClp response was defined as ≤mild MR at early (1–6 month) follow-up. Results: Sixty-seven degenerative MR patients underwent MClp: Whereas MR decreased ≥1 grade in 94%, 39% of patients had optimal response (≤mild MR). Responders had smaller pre-procedural LV end-diastolic volume (94 ± 24 vs. 109 ± 25 mL/m 2 , p = 0.02), paralleling smaller annular diameter (3.1 ± 0.4 vs. 3.5 ± 0.5 cm, p = 0.002), and inter-papillary distance (2.2 ± 0.7 vs. 2.5 ± 0.6 cm, p = 0.04). 3D TEE-derived annular area correlated with 2D TTE (r = 0.59, p < 0.001) and was smaller among optimal responders (12.8 ± 2.1 cm 2 vs. 16.8 ± 4.4 cm 2 , p = 0.001). Both 2D and 3D mitral annular size yielded good diagnostic performance for optimal MClp response (AUC 0.73–0.84, p < 0.01). In multivariate analysis, sub-optimal MClp response was associated with LV end-diastolic diameter (OR 3.10 per-cm [1.26–7.62], p = 0.01) independent of LA size (1.10 per-cm 2 [1.02–1.19], p = 0.01); substitution of mitral annular diameter for LV size yielded an independent association with MClp response (4.06 per-cm 2 [1.03–15.96], p = 0.045). Conclusions: Among degenerative MR patients undergoing MClp, LV and mitral annular dilation augment risk for residual or recurrent MR, supporting the concept that MClp therapeutic response is linked to sub-valvular remodeling. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Keywords: controlled study; treatment response; aged; major clinical study; sensitivity and specificity; image analysis; prevalence; disease severity; geometry; image quality; imaging; heart left ventricle ejection fraction; transesophageal echocardiography; heart output; heart ventricle remodeling; transthoracic echocardiography; cardiovascular parameters; heart left ventricle; three dimensional echocardiography; mitral valve regurgitation; heart left ventricle mass; human; male; female; article; two dimensional echocardiography; heart left ventricle enddiastolic volume; mitral valve disease; mitral valve repair; percutaneous intervention; structural heart disease intervention; tte/tee; heart left ventricle enddiastolic diameter
Journal Title: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume: 93
Issue: 6
ISSN: 1522-1946
Publisher: Wiley Periodicals, Inc  
Date Published: 2019-05-01
Start Page: 1152
End Page: 1160
Language: English
DOI: 10.1002/ccd.28147
PUBMED: 30790417
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC6537596
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 3 June 2019 -- Source: Scopus
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  1. Lola Xie
    4 Xie