Lower electrical membrane potential and altered pH(i) homeostasis in multidrug-resistant (MDR) cells: Further characterization of a series of MDR cell lines expressing different levels of P-glycoprotein Journal Article


Authors: Roepe, P. D.; Wei, L. Y.; Cruz, J.; Carlson, D.
Article Title: Lower electrical membrane potential and altered pH(i) homeostasis in multidrug-resistant (MDR) cells: Further characterization of a series of MDR cell lines expressing different levels of P-glycoprotein
Abstract: Recently [Roepe, P. D. (1992) Biochemistry 31, 12555-12564], increased steady-state levels of chemotherapeutic drug efflux from multidrug-resistant (MDR) myeloma cells were correlated with intracellular alkalinization. To better understand elevated pHj in MDR cells, Na+- and Cl−-dependent recovery of pHi upon intracellular acid or alkaline shock has been examined for this same series of MDR cell lines. In agreement with another recent report [Boscoboinik, D., Gupta, R. S., & Epand, R. M. (1990) Br. J. Cancer 61, 568-572], we find that the rate of Na+-induced alkalinization after an intracellular acid shock is increased in the MDR cells, relative to the drug-sensitive parent. Interestingly, we also now find that mRNA encoding the human Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) is overexpressed in these MDR cells, but the level of overexpression does not correlate with the relative drug resistance or steady-state pHi. It is also found that the efficiency of Cl−-dependent reacidification of pHi after an intracellular alkaline shock is reduced in the MDR cells. This effect appears to correlate with the relative expression of MDR protein, but not the relative expression of Cl−/HCO3 − exchanger (AE), which we now find is also altered in the series of cells. Since elevated pH; will increase ΔpH across the plasma membrane, we have also measured the electrical potential for these cells using three different methods. Most interestingly, the magnitude of the plasma membrane electrical potential (ΔΨ) decreases concomitant with increased expression of the MDR protein. Energy provided by increased ΔpH compensates for the lowered ΔΨ, such that the total electrochemical membrane potential remains similar among the cells in this series. These data, along with other recent experiments that associated an increased Cl− conductance with the expression of MDR protein [Valverde, M., Diaz, M., Sepúlveda, F. V., Gill, D. R., Hyde, S. C., & Higgins, C. F. (1992) Nature 355, 830-833], are consistent with a model for MDR protein-mediated multidrug resistance that does not entail direct active transport of lipophilic drugs by the MDR protein. © 1993, American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.
Keywords: multiple myeloma; cancer cell culture; drug resistance; tumor cells, cultured; cancer resistance; protein synthesis; rna, messenger; membrane glycoproteins; carrier proteins; homeostasis; sodium; drug transport; multidrug resistance; hydrogen-ion concentration; p-glycoprotein; glycoprotein p; membrane potentials; chlorides; sodium-hydrogen antiporter; cell ph; electrochemistry; membrane potential; priority journal; article; support, non-u.s. gov't; support, u.s. gov't, p.h.s.; proton sodium exchange; bicarbonates; chloride conductance
Journal Title: Biochemistry
Volume: 32
Issue: 41
ISSN: 0006-2960
Publisher: American Chemical Society  
Date Published: 1993-10-01
Start Page: 11042
End Page: 11056
Language: English
DOI: 10.1021/bi00092a014
PUBMED: 8105888
PROVIDER: scopus
DOI/URL:
Notes: Source: Scopus
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  1. Paul D. Roepe
    26 Roepe