Outcomes after neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy for cT2-4N0-1 non–small cell lung cancer: A propensity-matched analysis Journal Article


Authors: Brandt, W. S.; Yan, W.; Zhou, J.; Tan, K. S.; Montecalvo, J.; Park, B. J.; Adusumilli, P. S.; Huang, J.; Bott, M. J.; Rusch, V. W.; Molena, D.; Travis, W. D.; Kris, M. G.; Chaft, J. E.; Jones, D. R.
Article Title: Outcomes after neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy for cT2-4N0-1 non–small cell lung cancer: A propensity-matched analysis
Abstract: Objective: Comparative survival between neoadjuvant chemotherapy and adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with cT2-4N0-1M0 non–small cell lung cancer has not been extensively studied. Methods: Patients with cT2-4N0-1M0 non–small cell lung cancer who received platinum-based chemotherapy were retrospectively identified. Exclusion criteria included stage IV disease, induction radiotherapy, and targeted therapy. The primary end point was disease-free survival. Secondary end points were overall survival, chemotherapy tolerance, and ability of Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors response to predict survival. Survival was estimated using the Kaplan–Meier method, compared using the log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards models, and stratified using matched pairs after propensity score matching. Results: In total, 330 patients met the inclusion criteria (n = 92/group after propensity-score matching; median follow-up, 42 months). Five-year disease-free survival was 49% (95% confidence interval, 39-61) for neoadjuvant chemotherapy versus 48% (95% confidence interval, 38-61) for adjuvant chemotherapy (P =.70). On multivariable analysis, disease-free survival was not associated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy or adjuvant chemotherapy (hazard ratio, 1.1; 95% confidence interval, 0.64-1.90; P =.737), nor was overall survival (hazard ratio, 1.21; 95% confidence interval, 0.63-2.30; P =.572). The neoadjuvant chemotherapy group was more likely to receive full doses and cycles of chemotherapy (P =.014/0.005) and had fewer grade 3 or greater toxicities (P =.001). Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was associated with disease-free survival (P =.035); 15% of patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (14/92) had a major pathologic response. Conclusions: Timing of chemotherapy, before or after surgery, is not associated with an improvement in overall or disease-free survival among patients with cT2-4N0-1M0 non–small cell lung cancer who undergo complete surgical resection. © 2018 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery
Keywords: survival; adjuvant chemotherapy; neoadjuvant chemotherapy; non–small cell lung cancer; propensity-matched analysis
Journal Title: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume: 157
Issue: 2
ISSN: 0022-5223
Publisher: Mosby Elsevier  
Date Published: 2019-02-01
Start Page: 743
End Page: 753.e3
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2018.09.098
PUBMED: 30415902
PROVIDER: scopus
PMCID: PMC6344258
DOI/URL:
Notes: Article -- Export Date: 1 February 2019 -- Source: Scopus
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MSK Authors
  1. Valerie W Rusch
    638 Rusch
  2. James Huang
    118 Huang
  3. Jamie Erin Chaft
    120 Chaft
  4. William D Travis
    545 Travis
  5. Bernard J Park
    151 Park
  6. Matthew Bott
    32 Bott
  7. Mark Kris
    581 Kris
  8. David Randolph Jones
    150 Jones
  9. Daniela   Molena
    35 Molena
  10. Kay See   Tan
    68 Tan
  11. Wanpu Yan
    3 Yan
  12. Whitney Brandt
    6 Brandt
  13. Jian Zhou
    1 Zhou